Tips for developing and testing questionnaires/instruments

Rama B. Radhakrishna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations


Questionnaires are the most widely used data collection methods in educational and evaluation research. This article describes the process for developing and testing questionnaires and posits five sequential steps involved in developing and testing a questionnaire: research background, questionnaire conceptualization, format and data analysis, and establishing validity and reliability. Systematic development of questionnaires is a must to reduce many measurement errors. Following these five steps in questionnaire development and testing will enhance data quality and utilization of research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1TOT2
JournalJournal of Extension
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education


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