Tissue glucose utilization during epinephrine-induced hyperglycemia

K. Meszaros, C. H. Lang, D. M. Hargrove, J. J. Spitzer

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate glucose utilization by individual tissues during epinephrine infusion. First, the applicability of the 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) tracer technique during in vivo hyperglycemia was investigated in model systems in vitro. Epitrochlearis muscle and spleen cells were incubated with 1.25-20 mM glucose. The discrimination against 2-[14C]DG in glucose metabolic pathways, expressed by the lumped constant, remained unchanged over this wide range of glucose concentrations. It was concluded that in vivo hyperglycemia does not preclude the application of the 2-DG method. In a series of in vivo experiments, chronically catheterized conscious rats fasted for 24 h and were infused with epinephrine (0.2 μg·kg-1·min-1), which produced a two-fold increase in plasma glucose concentration. 2-[14C]DG was injected 30 min after starting the epinephrine infusion and glucose utilization rates of individual tissues were calculated based on the concentration of phosphorylated 2-DG in samples excised at 70 min. The epinephrine infusion increased glucose utilization rates by 40-160% in hindlimb muscles, skin, ileum, liver, spleen, lung, epidydimal fat, and kidney, although no change was found in the brain. Mass action of the increased plasma glucose is likely to play an important role in the enhanced rate of glucose utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1770-1775
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume67
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 1989

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Meszaros, K., Lang, C. H., Hargrove, D. M., & Spitzer, J. J. (1989). Tissue glucose utilization during epinephrine-induced hyperglycemia. Journal of applied physiology, 67(5), 1770-1775.