Tissue-specific effects of in vivo adenosine receptor blockade on glucose uptake in Zucker rats

George H. Crist, Baiyang Xu, Kathryn F. Lanoue, Charles H. Lang

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Abstract

Previous studies have shown that treatment of obese Zucker rats with the adenosine receptor antagonist 1,3-dipropyl-8-(p-acrylic) phenyl xanthine (BWA1433) improves intraperitoneal glucose tolerance. In this study, a euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp was performed on obese (fa/fa) and lean (Fa/fa) Zucker rats that had been treated orally with BWA1433 or vehicle for 1 wk. A constant infusion of [3H]glucose was initiated in fasted animals to measure basal whole body glucose kinetics. No differences in glucose concentration or rates of glucose production/disappearance were observed between lean or obese animals with or without BWA1433. During the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp, whole body glucose disposal in obese Zucker rats was only 22% of that observed in lean animals. BWA1433 treatment increased glucose disposal by 88% in obese Zucker rats. At the end of the clamp, [14C]-2-deoxyglucose was injected to determine tissue-specific differences in glucose uptake. Gastrocnemius, soleus, heart, and liver of untreated obese animals had significantly lower glucose uptake than lean controls under hyperinsulinemic conditions. BWA1433 treatment of obese animals increased glucose uptake in gastrocnemius and soleus muscles by 44 and 47%, respectively. Conversely, BWA1433 treatment decreased glucose uptake in adipose tissue by 54 and 49% in obese and lean Zucker rats, respectively. In summary, BWA1433 improves glucose tolerance by increasing glucose uptake in skeletal muscle while decreasing glucose uptake by adipose tissue. This study suggests that insulin resistance in obese Zucker rats is tissue specific and that signaling from adenosine receptors may be a factor contributing to tissue-specific insulin resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1301-1308
Number of pages8
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume12
Issue number13
StatePublished - Oct 28 1998

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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