Titanosilicates: Giant exchange capacity and selectivity for Sr and Ba

Young Dong Noh, Sridhar Komarneni, Kenneth J.D. MacKenzie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two different microporous Na-titanosilicates with high cation exchange capacities were synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and solid-state 29Si and 27Al magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MASNMR) spectroscopy. The ion exchange properties of Na-ETS-4 (ETS = Engelhard TitanoSilicate) and Na-titanosilicate were investigated for Sr 2+ and Ba 2+ using isotherms and Kielland plots in order to check the potential for the decontamination of 90Sr and 133Ba from nuclear waste solutions. Na-ETS-4 and Na-titanosilicate show high affinity for Sr 2+ to high equivalent fraction of Sr 2+ on solid phase. In case of Ba 2+ the selectivity coefficient of both titanosilicate exchangers rapidly decreased due to the steric hindrance at exchange sites at X Ba > ∼0.5. However, Na-ETS-4 was still selective for Ba 2+ even after the above rapid decrease in selectivity, unlike Na-titanosilicate. Therefore, Na-ETS-4 is one of the best candidates for the removal of both Sr 2+ and Ba 2+ from nuclear waste solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-226
Number of pages5
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume95
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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