We document isolation and characterization of 13 tri- and tetranucleotide microsatellite DNA markers in brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). These markers displayed moderate to high levels of allelic diversity (averaging 20.5 alleles/locus) and heterozygosity (averaging 53.5%) in a range-wide survey of more than 13,000 fish. A comparison of two geographically proximal populations located on opposite sides of the eastern continental divide in Maryland, USA, found no deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and minimal linkage disequilibrium. Microsatellite markers developed for S. fontinalis yielded sufficient genetic diversity to: (1) produce unique multilocus genotypes; (2) elucidate phylogeographic structure; and (3) provide unique demographic perspectives of population sizes and historical demographics. This suite of markers also provided considerable cross-species amplification utility among related salmonids.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics