Alkylating agents such as N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) are known to covalently link alkyl groups at the position 6 of guanines (O6MG) in DNA. O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) specifically removes the methyl group of the O6MG. Using purified human topoisomerase I (Top1), we found an 8-10-fold enhancement of Top1 cleavage complexes when O6MG is incorporated in oligonucleotides at the +1 position relative to a unique Top1 cleavage site. Top1 poisoning by O6MG is attributable to a decrease of the Top1-mediated DNA religation as well as an increase in the enzyme cleavage step. Increased cleavage is probably linked to a change in the hydrogen bonding pattern, such as in the case of the 8-oxoguanine, whereas inhibition of religation could be attributed to altered base pairing, such as a basic sites or base mismatches, because incorporation of a 6-thioguanine did not affect Top1 activity. Top1-DNA covalent complexes are also induced in MNNG-treated CHO cells constitutively lacking the AGT enzyme. Conversely, no increase could be detected in CHO cells transfected with the wild-type human AGT. Moreover, we show that yeasts overexpressing the human Top1 are more sensitive to MNNG, whereas knock-out Top1 strain cells display some resistance to the drug. Altogether, these results suggest a role for Top1 poisoning by alkylated bases in the antiproliferative activity of alkylating agents as well as in the DNA lesions resulting from endogenous and carcinogenic DNA modifications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research