Total extraperitoneal laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair without mesh fixation: Prospective study with 1-year follow-up results

Evangelos Messaris, Guy Nicastri, Stanley J. Dudrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the outcomes of patients undergoing total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair without fixation of the mesh. Design: Prospective cohort. Setting: Community teaching hospital. Patients: A total of 274 consecutive patients were included in the study group. Interventions: All operations were performed by the same surgeon with the patients under general anesthesia in an outpatient setting. A preformed polyester mesh (Parietex; Covidien, Mansfield, Massachusetts) was used in all cases without any fixation. Main Outcome Measures: All patients were prospectively followed up at 2 weeks, 1 month, and 1 year after surgery. Operative morbidity, chronic pain, and hernia recurrence were recorded. Results: Two hundred seventy-four consecutive patients underwent 311 total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repairs. No conversions were made to open hernia repairs. Norecurrences were found at the 12-month follow-up visit. There were 19 inguinal seromas (6.1%) identified at 2 weeks, but only 7 (1.9%) remained at 1 month, and none at 1 year.Nowound infections, scrotal hematomas, or other perioperative complications were reported. Two hundred thirty-six patients used fewer than the 30 prescribed tablets for pain control, while 23 patients requested a refill, 12 of whom had seromas (P<.01). At 12 months, no patient was taking pain relief medication; however, 8 patients reported occasional discomfort in the groin, and 1 patient reported occasional umbilical discomfort. Conclusion: This single general surgeon experience supports total extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair without mesh fixation as a safe, effective procedure with low morbidity and no evidence of recurrence at the 1-year follow-up visit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-338
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume145
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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