Toward a conceptual model of common ground in teamwork

John Carroll, Gregorio Convertino, Mary Beth Rosson, Craig H. Ganoe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Testing, refining, and incrementing common ground is a basic function of communication and collaboration. Initially, language researchers defined common ground as the sum of mutual, common, or joint knowledge, beliefs, suppositions and protocols shared between people engaged in communications (Clark 1996). They investigated the development of common ground - the grounding process. Communication is a joint activity, in which partners use verbal and non-verbal signs (e.g., gestures, gaze) to coordinate dialogue and actions toward common, continuously tested goals (Clark 1996). Later, researchers of computer-mediated communication found that different communication media present different affordances and cost structures for different parts of the grounding process (Clark and Brennan 1991). We study the grounding process in the context of computer-supported cooperative work. Greater common ground enables better communication, coordination, and collaboration. We study how collaboration tools, member and team variables and work conditions affect how collaborators share and coordinate knowledge and how they operate and develop as a team.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMacrocognition in Teams
Subtitle of host publicationTheories and Methodologies
PublisherCRC Press
Pages87-105
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781317102854
ISBN (Print)9781138076358
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Communication
Electric grounding
Communications Media
Research Personnel
Gestures
Computer supported cooperative work
Antenna grounds
Language
Joints
Refining
Costs and Cost Analysis
Testing
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Carroll, J., Convertino, G., Rosson, M. B., & Ganoe, C. H. (2017). Toward a conceptual model of common ground in teamwork. In Macrocognition in Teams: Theories and Methodologies (pp. 87-105). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315593166
Carroll, John ; Convertino, Gregorio ; Rosson, Mary Beth ; Ganoe, Craig H. / Toward a conceptual model of common ground in teamwork. Macrocognition in Teams: Theories and Methodologies. CRC Press, 2017. pp. 87-105
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Carroll, J, Convertino, G, Rosson, MB & Ganoe, CH 2017, Toward a conceptual model of common ground in teamwork. in Macrocognition in Teams: Theories and Methodologies. CRC Press, pp. 87-105. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315593166

Toward a conceptual model of common ground in teamwork. / Carroll, John; Convertino, Gregorio; Rosson, Mary Beth; Ganoe, Craig H.

Macrocognition in Teams: Theories and Methodologies. CRC Press, 2017. p. 87-105.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Carroll J, Convertino G, Rosson MB, Ganoe CH. Toward a conceptual model of common ground in teamwork. In Macrocognition in Teams: Theories and Methodologies. CRC Press. 2017. p. 87-105 https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315593166