Understanding the structural organization of eukaryotic chromatin and its control of gene expression represents one of the most fundamental and open challenges in modern biology. Recent experimental advances have revealed important characteristics of chromatin in response to changes in external conditions and histone composition, such as the conformational complexity of linker DNA and histone tail domains upon compact folding of the fiber. In addition, modeling studies based on high-resolution nucleosome models have helped explain the conformational features of chromatin structural elements and their interactions in terms of chromatin fiber models. This minireview discusses recent progress and evidence supporting structural heterogeneity in chromatin fibers, reconciling apparently contradictory fiber models.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology