Towards biomimetic red solar cells

Torben Lenau, Faiz Ahmad, Akhlesh Lakhtakia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Silicon photovoltaic solar cells generally have a black or blue appearance that makes them aesthetically very different from traditional red roofs that either comprise burned-clay tiles or composite-material shingles. Rooftop solar cells may become more acceptable if they are similar in appearance to traditional roofs. This objective requires that the red part (620-700 nm wavelength) of the incoming solar spectrum be reflected so that it becomes unavailable for photovoltaic generation of electricity. Complete reflection of red photons would result in the reduction of useful solar photons (300- 1200 nm wavelength) by 12.5%. Calculations show that the optical short-circuit density will then decline by: 17% for 100-μm-thick crystalline-silicon solar cells, 20-22% for triple-junction tandem thin-film solar cells of amorphous silicon, 15-16% for 2.2-μm-thick CIGS solar cells, and 16-20% for ultrathin CIGS solar cells. On average, the efficiency of a typical solar cell will have to be multiplied by a factor of 0.8 if all red photons were reflected. This reduction in efficiency can be offset by wider adoption of rooftop solar cells. Red-rejection filters can be made of particulate composite materials containing, say, silica nanospheres. Typically, the solar cells will be iridescent then, which may not be aesthetically pleasing to many. Non-iridescent red-rejection filters can be fabricated by upscaling the linear dimensions of biomimetic filters nano-imprinted to reproduce the Morpho blue, this possibility being guaranteed by the scale invariance of the Maxwell equations and the weak dispersion of the refractive indexes of numerous polymers in the visible spectral regime. Non-uniformly red rooftop solar cells would also become feasible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX
EditorsRaul J. Martin-Palma, Mato Knez, Akhlesh Lakhtakia
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625853
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX 2019 - Denver, United States
Duration: Mar 4 2019Mar 5 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10965
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceBioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX 2019
CountryUnited States
CityDenver
Period3/4/193/5/19

Fingerprint

biomimetics
Biomimetics
Solar Cells
Solar cells
solar cells
Photons
Photon
Roofs
Filter
roofs
Composite Materials
Rejection
filters
rejection
Silicon
photons
Wavelength
Thin Film Solar Cells
Nanospheres
Amorphous Silicon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Lenau, T., Ahmad, F., & Lakhtakia, A. (2019). Towards biomimetic red solar cells. In R. J. Martin-Palma, M. Knez, & A. Lakhtakia (Eds.), Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX [109650E] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10965). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2513259
Lenau, Torben ; Ahmad, Faiz ; Lakhtakia, Akhlesh. / Towards biomimetic red solar cells. Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX. editor / Raul J. Martin-Palma ; Mato Knez ; Akhlesh Lakhtakia. SPIE, 2019. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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abstract = "Silicon photovoltaic solar cells generally have a black or blue appearance that makes them aesthetically very different from traditional red roofs that either comprise burned-clay tiles or composite-material shingles. Rooftop solar cells may become more acceptable if they are similar in appearance to traditional roofs. This objective requires that the red part (620-700 nm wavelength) of the incoming solar spectrum be reflected so that it becomes unavailable for photovoltaic generation of electricity. Complete reflection of red photons would result in the reduction of useful solar photons (300- 1200 nm wavelength) by 12.5{\%}. Calculations show that the optical short-circuit density will then decline by: 17{\%} for 100-μm-thick crystalline-silicon solar cells, 20-22{\%} for triple-junction tandem thin-film solar cells of amorphous silicon, 15-16{\%} for 2.2-μm-thick CIGS solar cells, and 16-20{\%} for ultrathin CIGS solar cells. On average, the efficiency of a typical solar cell will have to be multiplied by a factor of 0.8 if all red photons were reflected. This reduction in efficiency can be offset by wider adoption of rooftop solar cells. Red-rejection filters can be made of particulate composite materials containing, say, silica nanospheres. Typically, the solar cells will be iridescent then, which may not be aesthetically pleasing to many. Non-iridescent red-rejection filters can be fabricated by upscaling the linear dimensions of biomimetic filters nano-imprinted to reproduce the Morpho blue, this possibility being guaranteed by the scale invariance of the Maxwell equations and the weak dispersion of the refractive indexes of numerous polymers in the visible spectral regime. Non-uniformly red rooftop solar cells would also become feasible.",
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Lenau, T, Ahmad, F & Lakhtakia, A 2019, Towards biomimetic red solar cells. in RJ Martin-Palma, M Knez & A Lakhtakia (eds), Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX., 109650E, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 10965, SPIE, Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX 2019, Denver, United States, 3/4/19. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2513259

Towards biomimetic red solar cells. / Lenau, Torben; Ahmad, Faiz; Lakhtakia, Akhlesh.

Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX. ed. / Raul J. Martin-Palma; Mato Knez; Akhlesh Lakhtakia. SPIE, 2019. 109650E (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10965).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Lenau T, Ahmad F, Lakhtakia A. Towards biomimetic red solar cells. In Martin-Palma RJ, Knez M, Lakhtakia A, editors, Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication IX. SPIE. 2019. 109650E. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2513259