Objective: Extreme preterm infants are a growing population in neonatal intensive care units who carry a high mortality and morbidity. Multiple factors play a role in preterm birth, resulting in major impact on organogenesis leading to complications including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The goal of this study was to identify biomarker signatures associated with prematurity and BPD. Study design: We analyzed miRNA and mRNA profiles in tracheal aspirates (TAs) from 55 infants receiving invasive mechanical ventilation. Twenty-eight infants were extremely preterm and diagnosed with BPD, and 27 were term babies receiving invasive mechanical ventilation for elective procedures. Result: We found 22 miRNAs and 33 genes differentially expressed (FDR < 0.05) in TAs of extreme preterm infants with BPD vs. term babies without BPD. Pathway analysis showed associations with inflammatory response, cellular growth/proliferation, and tissue development. Conclusions: Specific mRNA-miRNA signatures in TAs may serve as biomarkers for BPD pathogenesis, a consequence of extreme prematurity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-561
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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