Tractable Transmit MIMO Beampattern Design under a Constant Modulus Constraint

Omar Aldayel, Vishal Monga, Muralidhar Rangaswamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar systems allow each antenna element to transmit a different waveform. This waveform diversity can be exploited to enhance the beampattern design, in particular, effective management of radar radiation power in directions of interest. We address the problem of designing a beampattern for MIMO radar, which in turn is determined by the transmit waveform. While unconstrained design is straightforward, a key open challenge is enforcing the constant modulus constraint on the radar waveform. It is well known that the problem of minimizing deviation of the designed beampattern from an idealized one subject to the constant modulus constraint constitutes a hard nonconvex problem. Existing methods that address constant modulus invariably lead to a stiff tradeoff between analytical tractability (achieved by relaxations and approximations) and realistic design that exactly achieves constant modulus but is computationally burdensome. A new approach is proposed in our paper, which involves solving a sequence of convex equality constrained quadratic programs, each of which has a closed form solution and such that constant modulus is achieved at convergence. We further prove that the converged solution satisfies the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker optimality conditions of the aforementioned hard nonconvex problem. We evaluate the proposed successive closed forms (SCF) algorithm against the state-of-the art MIMO beampattern design techniques in both narrowband and wideband setups and show that the SCF breaks the tradeoff between desirable performance and the associated computation cost.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7840054
Pages (from-to)2588-2599
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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