Trade liberalization versus climate change policy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture: Some insights from Norway

David Blandford, Ivar Gaasland, Erling Vårdal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using a mathematical programming model of Norwegian agriculture, we explore interconnections between trade liberalization and reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We show that the Doha Round proposals for a new agreement on agriculture through the World Trade Organization would not generate significant reductions in emissions. Further trade liberalization would reduce emissions by cutting agricultural production but would not change production methods. Imposing a carbon tax would lead both to a reduction in output and the extensification of production. In contrast, if farmers are allowed to claim a credit for carbon sequestration the effect is to intensify agricultural production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-436
Number of pages19
JournalApplied Economic Perspectives and Policy
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Development
  • Economics and Econometrics

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