Trait and behavioral theories of leadership: An integration and meta-analytic test of their relative validity

D. Scott Derue, Jennifer D. Nahrgang, Ned Wellman, Stephen Erik Humphrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

432 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The leadership literature suffers from a lack of theoretical integration (Avolio, 2007,American Psychologist,62, 25-33). This article addresses that lack of integration by developing an integrative trait-behavioral model of leadership effectiveness and then examining the relative validity of leader traits (gender, intelligence, personality) and behaviors (transformational-transactional, initiating structure-consideration) across 4 leadership effectiveness criteria (leader effectiveness, group performance, follower job satisfaction, satisfaction with leader). Combined, leader traits and behaviors explain a minimum of 31% of the variance in leadership effectiveness criteria. Leader behaviors tend to explain more variance in leadership effectiveness than leader traits, but results indicate that an integrative model where leader behaviors mediate the relationship between leader traits and effectiveness is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-52
Number of pages46
JournalPersonnel Psychology
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

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Job Satisfaction
Intelligence
Personality
Behavioral theory
Psychology
Leadership effectiveness
Behavioral model
Job satisfaction
Integrative model
Group performance
Follower

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Cite this

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Trait and behavioral theories of leadership : An integration and meta-analytic test of their relative validity. / Derue, D. Scott; Nahrgang, Jennifer D.; Wellman, Ned; Humphrey, Stephen Erik.

In: Personnel Psychology, Vol. 64, No. 1, 01.03.2011, p. 7-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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