Background: Trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (10,12 CLA) is a potent inhibitor of milk fat synthesis in mammals. In the cow, 10 g/d of 10,12 CLA specifically and reversibly inhibits mammary lipogenesis, whereas substantially higher doses are not specific and cause a generalized inhibition of milk synthesis. Objective: The objective of this study was to validate a lactating mouse model by establishing the dose response, specificity, and reversibility of the inhibition of milk fat synthesis by 10,12 CLA. Methods: Lactating mice (C57BL/6J) received daily doses of 0 (control), 7, 20, or 60 mg of 10,12 CLA for 5 d during established lactation. A second group of lactating mice was treated with 20 mg/d of 10,12 CLA for 4 d and followed posttreatment to evaluate reversibility. Results: CLA decreased pup growth with a 49% decrease occurring with 60 mg/d of CLA. Milk fat percentage was decreased 11%and 20% with the 7 and 20 mg/d dose, respectively, and all CLA treatments had a decreased concentration of de novo synthesized fatty acids (FAs) in milk fat. In agreement, 20 mg/d of 10,12 CLA decreased the lipogenic capacity of mammary tissue by 30% and mammary expression of FA synthase (Fasn), sterol response element binding protein 1 (Srebf1), and thyroid hormone responsive spot 14 (Thrsp) by 30-60%, whereas milk protein percentage and mammary expression of a-lactalbumin (Lalba) were unaltered. This dose of CLA reduced pup growth by nearly 20% and milk de novo synthesized FAs by >35%, and these effects were completely reversed 5 d after 10,12 CLA treatment was terminated. Conclusion: Inhibition of mammary lipogenesis by 10,12 CLA is dose-dependent in the mouse, with a specific and reversible reduction in milk fat synthesis at the 20 mg/d dose and additional nonspecific effects on milk synthesis at higher CLA doses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics