Transcriptional activation by Myc is under negative control by the transcription factor AP-2

S. Gaubatz, A. Imhof, R. Dosch, O. Werner, P. Mitchell, R. Buettner, M. Eilers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

170 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Myc protein binds to and transactivates the expression of genes via E-box elements containing a central CAC(G/A)TG sequence. The transcriptional activation function of Myc is required for its ability to induce cell cycle progression, cellular transformation and apoptosis. Here we show that transactivation by Myc is under negative control by the transcription factor AP-2. AP-2 inhibits transactivation by Myc via two distinct mechanisms. First, high affinity binding sites for AP-2 overlap Myc-response elements in two bona fide target genes of Myc, prothymosin-α and ornithine decarboxylase. On these sites, AP-2 competes for binding of either Myc/Max heterodimers or Max/Max homodimers. The second mechanism involves a specific interaction between C-terminal domains of AP-2 and the BR/HLH/LZ domain of Myc, but not Max or Mad. Binding of AP-2 to Myc does not preclude association of Myc with Max, but impairs DNA binding of the Myc/Max complex and inhibits transactivation by Myc even in the absence of an overlapping AP-2 binding site. Taken together, our data suggest that AP-2 acts as a negative regulator of transactivation by Myc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1508-1519
Number of pages12
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume14
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Fingerprint

Transcription Factor AP-2
Transcriptional Activation
Genes
Chemical activation
Binding Sites
E-Box Elements
Ornithine Decarboxylase
Response Elements
Cells
Association reactions
Apoptosis
DNA
myc Genes
Proteins
Cell Cycle
Gene Expression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Gaubatz, S., Imhof, A., Dosch, R., Werner, O., Mitchell, P., Buettner, R., & Eilers, M. (1995). Transcriptional activation by Myc is under negative control by the transcription factor AP-2. EMBO Journal, 14(7), 1508-1519.
Gaubatz, S. ; Imhof, A. ; Dosch, R. ; Werner, O. ; Mitchell, P. ; Buettner, R. ; Eilers, M. / Transcriptional activation by Myc is under negative control by the transcription factor AP-2. In: EMBO Journal. 1995 ; Vol. 14, No. 7. pp. 1508-1519.
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Gaubatz, S, Imhof, A, Dosch, R, Werner, O, Mitchell, P, Buettner, R & Eilers, M 1995, 'Transcriptional activation by Myc is under negative control by the transcription factor AP-2', EMBO Journal, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 1508-1519.

Transcriptional activation by Myc is under negative control by the transcription factor AP-2. / Gaubatz, S.; Imhof, A.; Dosch, R.; Werner, O.; Mitchell, P.; Buettner, R.; Eilers, M.

In: EMBO Journal, Vol. 14, No. 7, 01.01.1995, p. 1508-1519.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Gaubatz S, Imhof A, Dosch R, Werner O, Mitchell P, Buettner R et al. Transcriptional activation by Myc is under negative control by the transcription factor AP-2. EMBO Journal. 1995 Jan 1;14(7):1508-1519.