Transdisciplinary and social-ecological health frameworks—Novel approaches to emerging parasitic and vector-borne diseases

A. Alonso Aguirre, Niladri Basu, Laura H. Kahn, Xenia K. Morin, Pierre Echaubard, Bruce A. Wilcox, Val R. Beasley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ecosystem Health, Conservation Medicine, EcoHealth, One Health, Planetary Health and GeoHealth are inter-related disciplines that underpin a shared understanding of the functional prerequisites of health, sustainable vitality and wellbeing. All of these are based on recognition that health interconnects species across the planet, and they offer ways to more effectively tackle complex real-world challenges. Herein we present a bibliometric analysis to document usage of a subset of such terms by journals over time. We also provide examples of parasitic and vector-borne diseases, including malaria, toxoplasmosis, baylisascariasis, and Lyme disease. These and many other diseases have persisted, emerged or re-emerged, and caused great harm to human and animal populations in developed and low income, biodiverse nations around the world, largely because of societal drivers that undermined natural processes of disease prevention and control, which had developed through co-evolution over millennia. Shortcomings in addressing drivers has arisen from a lack or coordinated efforts among researchers, health stewards, societies at large, and governments. Fortunately, specialists collaborating under transdisciplinary and socio-ecological health umbrellas are increasingly integrating established and new techniques for disease modeling, prediction, diagnosis, treatment, control, and prevention. Such approaches often emphasize conservation of biodiversity for health protection, and they provide novel opportunities to increase the efficiency and probability of success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00084
JournalParasite Epidemiology and Control
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Epidemiology
  • Infectious Diseases

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