Transferred Juveniles In The Era Of Sentencing Guidelines: Examining Judicial Departures For Juvenile Offenders In Adult Criminal Court

Brian D. Johnson, Megan C. Kurlychek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study contributes to contemporary research on the punishment of juvenile offenders in adult court by analyzing the use of guidelines departures for transferred juveniles in two states, one with presumptive sentencing guidelines (Pennsylvania) and one with voluntary guidelines (Maryland). Propensity score matching is first used to create more comparable samples of juvenile and young adult offenders, and then Tobit regressions are employed to estimate the effect of juvenile status on the likelihood and length of departures. Our findings indicate that juvenile status significantly affects the use of upward departures in Pennsylvania, and the use of both downward and upward departures in Maryland. Judicial reasons for departure are examined to provide additional insight into the complex dynamics surrounding exceptional sentences for juvenile offenders sentenced in adult court.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-564
Number of pages40
JournalCriminology
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

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