Transformation optical designs for wave collimators, flat lenses and right-angle bends

Do Hoon Kwon, Douglas H. Werner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

198 Scopus citations


The transformation optics technique is applied to design three novel devices - a wave collimator, far-zone and near-zone focusing flat optical lenses and a right-angle bend for propagating beam fields. The structures presented in this paper are all two-dimensional (2D), however, the transformation optics design methodologies can be easily extended to develop 3D versions of these optical devices. The required values of the permittivity and the permeability tensors are derived for each of the three devices considered here. Furthermore, the functional performance of each device is verified using full-wave electromagnetic simulations. A wave collimator consists of a 2D rectangular cylinder where the fields (cylindrical waves) radiated by an embedded line source emerge normal to the top and bottom planar interfaces thereby producing highly directive collimated fields. Next, a far-zone focusing lens for a 2D line source is created by transforming the equi-amplitude equiphase contour to a planar surface. It is also demonstrated that by aligning two far-zone focusing flat lenses in a back-to-back configuration, a near-zone focusing lens is obtained. Finally, a 2D square cylindrical volume is transformed into a cylinder with a fan-shaped cross section to design a right-angle bend device for propagating beam fields.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115023
JournalNew Journal of Physics
StatePublished - Nov 27 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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