Transgender and gender non-binary parents' pathways to parenthood

Samantha La Tornello, Rachel G. Riskind, Aleks Babić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Researchers know little about pathways to parenthood among transgender and gender nonbinary (TGNB) people. This study explored 311 TGNB parents' pathways to parenthood. Most became parents through biological means, with few becoming parents through adoption or foster care. Compared to other gender identity groups, women (all assigned male at birth) were older, likely to become parents before their gender transition, and likely to become biological coparents with a partner. Participants who became parents before gender transition became parents at younger ages and reported lower socioeconomic status. Men (all assigned female at birth) and gender nonbinary people were more likely to become parents after gender transition and were less likely to have become co-biological-parents with a partner. The older the participant, the more likely they were to report becoming a parent before their gender transition. Current age was positively correlated with age at transition to parenthood. Gender, timing of gender transition, cohort, and couple reproductive potential were all associated with gender transition timing and pathways to parenthood. These findings have implications for reproductive and mental health care providers, social workers, and support staff in related fields.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-241
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

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Transgender Persons
parenthood
parents
Parents
gender
Parturition
Reproductive Health
Social Class
Social Support
Health Personnel
social worker
social support
social status
Mental Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

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Transgender and gender non-binary parents' pathways to parenthood. / Tornello, Samantha La; Riskind, Rachel G.; Babić, Aleks.

In: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, Vol. 6, No. 2, 01.06.2019, p. 232-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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