Transient effects in dynamic modulus measurement of silicone elastomers 1. zero mean strain measurements

Russell Lee Warley, D. L. Feke, I. Manas-Zloczower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The strain-dependent dynamic storage modulus of a poly(dimethyl-siloxane- co-methylvinyl-siloxane-co-methylphenyl-siloxane) based silicone elastomer, which is reinforced with fumed silica and crosslinked with peroxide, is investigated. The dependence of the resulting dynamic storage modulus on the duration of cycling at a particular test condition is investigated and compared to static stress relaxation measurements in the same strain range. The dynamic modulus results are shown to depend on the time of cycling at the current test conditions as well as the time of cycling at prior conditions of lower strains. The relaxation is shown to be related to the time of cycling rather than the number of cycles performed. The pattern of behavior of the relaxation of the dynamic modulus with respect to peak strain amplitude is different than that observed in a static stress relaxation test, both of which show significant nonlinear effects in strain. The observed phenomena are interpreted in terms of the role of the polymer phase on the dynamic behavior of the elastomer material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1001-1009
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume98
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2005

Fingerprint

Silicone Elastomers
Strain measurement
Elastomers
Silicones
Siloxanes
Stress relaxation
Elastic moduli
Peroxides
Silicon Dioxide
Polymers
Silica

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Warley, Russell Lee ; Feke, D. L. ; Manas-Zloczower, I. / Transient effects in dynamic modulus measurement of silicone elastomers 1. zero mean strain measurements. In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2005 ; Vol. 98, No. 3. pp. 1001-1009.
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Transient effects in dynamic modulus measurement of silicone elastomers 1. zero mean strain measurements. / Warley, Russell Lee; Feke, D. L.; Manas-Zloczower, I.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 98, No. 3, 05.11.2005, p. 1001-1009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The strain-dependent dynamic storage modulus of a poly(dimethyl-siloxane- co-methylvinyl-siloxane-co-methylphenyl-siloxane) based silicone elastomer, which is reinforced with fumed silica and crosslinked with peroxide, is investigated. The dependence of the resulting dynamic storage modulus on the duration of cycling at a particular test condition is investigated and compared to static stress relaxation measurements in the same strain range. The dynamic modulus results are shown to depend on the time of cycling at the current test conditions as well as the time of cycling at prior conditions of lower strains. The relaxation is shown to be related to the time of cycling rather than the number of cycles performed. The pattern of behavior of the relaxation of the dynamic modulus with respect to peak strain amplitude is different than that observed in a static stress relaxation test, both of which show significant nonlinear effects in strain. The observed phenomena are interpreted in terms of the role of the polymer phase on the dynamic behavior of the elastomer material.

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