Transient receptor potential canonical subfamily, member 7 (TRPC7) is the most recently identified member of the TRPC family of Ca2+ -permeable nonselective cation channels. The gene encoding the TRPC7 channel plasma membrane protein was first cloned from mouse brain. TRPC7 mRNA and protein have been detected in cell types derived from multiple organ systems from various species including humans. Gq -coupled protein receptor activation is the predominant mode of TRPC7 activation. Lipid metabolites involved in the phospholipase C (PLC) signaling pathway, including diacylglycerol (DAG) and its precursor the phosphatidylinositol- 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2), have been shown to be direct regulators of TRPC7 channel. TRPC7 channels have been linked to the regulation of various cellular functions however, the depth of our understanding of TRPC7 channel function and regulation is limited in comparison to other TRP channel family members. This review takes a historical look at our current knowledge of TRPC7 mechanisms of activation and its role in cellular physiology and pathophysiology.