Transit timing observations from Kepler- III. Confirmation of four multiple planet systems by a Fourier-domain study of anticorrelated transit timing variations

Jason H. Steffen, Daniel C. Fabrycky, Eric B. Ford, Joshua A. Carter, Jean Michel Désert, Francois Fressin, Matthew J. Holman, Jack J. Lissauer, Althea V. Moorhead, Jason F. Rowe, Darin Ragozzine, William F. Welsh, Natalie M. Batalha, William J. Borucki, Lars A. Buchhave, Steve Bryson, Douglas A. Caldwell, David Charbonneau, David R. Ciardi, William D. CochranMichael Endl, Mark E. Everett, Thomas N. Gautier, Ron L. Gilliland, Forrest R. Girouard, Jon M. Jenkins, Elliott Horch, Steve B. Howell, Howard Isaacson, Todd C. Klaus, David G. Koch, David W. Latham, Jie Li, Philip Lucas, Phillip J. Macqueen, Geoffrey W. Marcy, Sean Mccauliff, Christopher K. Middour, Robert L. Morris, Fergal R. Mullally, Samuel N. Quinn, Elisa V. Quintana, Avi Shporer, Martin Still, Peter Tenenbaum, Susan E. Thompson, Joseph D. Twicken, Jeffery Van Cleve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a method to confirm the planetary nature of objects in systems with multiple transiting exoplanet candidates. This method involves a Fourier-domain analysis of the deviations in the transit times from a constant period that result from dynamical interactions within the system. The combination of observed anticorrelations in the transit times and mass constraints from dynamical stability allow us to claim the discovery of four planetary systems, Kepler-25, Kepler-26, Kepler-27 and Kepler-28, containing eight planets and one additional planet candidate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2342-2354
Number of pages13
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume421
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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