Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b

William F. Welsh, Jerome A. Orosz, Joshua A. Carter, Daniel C. Fabrycky, Eric B. Ford, Jack J. Lissauer, Andrej Prša, Samuel N. Quinn, Darin Ragozzine, Donald R. Short, Guillermo Torres, Joshua N. Winn, Laurance R. Doyle, Thomas Barclay, Natalie Batalha, Steven Bloemen, Erik Brugamyer, Lars A. Buchhave, Caroline Caldwell, Douglas A. Caldwell & 26 others Jessie L. Christiansen, David R. Ciardi, William D. Cochran, Michael Endl, Jonathan J. Fortney, Thomas N. Gautier, Ronald Lynn Gilliland, Michael R. Haas, Jennifer R. Hall, Matthew J. Holman, Andrew W. Howard, Steve B. Howell, Howard Isaacson, Jon M. Jenkins, Todd C. Klaus, David W. Latham, Jie Li, Geoffrey W. Marcy, Tsevi Mazeh, Elisa V. Quintana, Paul Robertson, Avi Shporer, Jason H. Steffen, Gur Windmiller, David G. Koch, William J. Borucki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Most Sun-like stars in the Galaxy reside in gravitationally bound pairs of stars (binaries). Although long anticipated, the existence of a 'circumbinary planet' orbiting such a pair of normal stars was not definitively established until the discovery of the planet transiting (that is, passing in front of) Kepler-16. Questions remained, however, about the prevalence of circumbinary planets and their range of orbital and physical properties. Here we report two additional transiting circumbinary planets: Kepler-34 (AB)b and Kepler-35 (AB)b, referred to here as Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b, respectively. Each is a low-density gas-giant planet on an orbit closely aligned with that of its parent stars. Kepler-34 b orbits two Sun-like stars every 289 days, whereas Kepler-35 b orbits a pair of smaller stars (89% and 81% of the Sun's mass) every 131 days. The planets experience large multi-periodic variations in incident stellar radiation arising from the orbital motion of the stars. The observed rate of circumbinary planets in our sample implies that more than ∼1% of close binary stars have giant planets in nearly coplanar orbits, yielding a Galactic population of at least several million.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-479
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume481
Issue number7382
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 26 2012

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Planets
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Solar System
Galaxies
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Radiation

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Welsh, W. F., Orosz, J. A., Carter, J. A., Fabrycky, D. C., Ford, E. B., Lissauer, J. J., ... Borucki, W. J. (2012). Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b. Nature, 481(7382), 475-479. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10768
Welsh, William F. ; Orosz, Jerome A. ; Carter, Joshua A. ; Fabrycky, Daniel C. ; Ford, Eric B. ; Lissauer, Jack J. ; Prša, Andrej ; Quinn, Samuel N. ; Ragozzine, Darin ; Short, Donald R. ; Torres, Guillermo ; Winn, Joshua N. ; Doyle, Laurance R. ; Barclay, Thomas ; Batalha, Natalie ; Bloemen, Steven ; Brugamyer, Erik ; Buchhave, Lars A. ; Caldwell, Caroline ; Caldwell, Douglas A. ; Christiansen, Jessie L. ; Ciardi, David R. ; Cochran, William D. ; Endl, Michael ; Fortney, Jonathan J. ; Gautier, Thomas N. ; Gilliland, Ronald Lynn ; Haas, Michael R. ; Hall, Jennifer R. ; Holman, Matthew J. ; Howard, Andrew W. ; Howell, Steve B. ; Isaacson, Howard ; Jenkins, Jon M. ; Klaus, Todd C. ; Latham, David W. ; Li, Jie ; Marcy, Geoffrey W. ; Mazeh, Tsevi ; Quintana, Elisa V. ; Robertson, Paul ; Shporer, Avi ; Steffen, Jason H. ; Windmiller, Gur ; Koch, David G. ; Borucki, William J. / Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b. In: Nature. 2012 ; Vol. 481, No. 7382. pp. 475-479.
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abstract = "Most Sun-like stars in the Galaxy reside in gravitationally bound pairs of stars (binaries). Although long anticipated, the existence of a 'circumbinary planet' orbiting such a pair of normal stars was not definitively established until the discovery of the planet transiting (that is, passing in front of) Kepler-16. Questions remained, however, about the prevalence of circumbinary planets and their range of orbital and physical properties. Here we report two additional transiting circumbinary planets: Kepler-34 (AB)b and Kepler-35 (AB)b, referred to here as Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b, respectively. Each is a low-density gas-giant planet on an orbit closely aligned with that of its parent stars. Kepler-34 b orbits two Sun-like stars every 289 days, whereas Kepler-35 b orbits a pair of smaller stars (89{\%} and 81{\%} of the Sun's mass) every 131 days. The planets experience large multi-periodic variations in incident stellar radiation arising from the orbital motion of the stars. The observed rate of circumbinary planets in our sample implies that more than ∼1{\%} of close binary stars have giant planets in nearly coplanar orbits, yielding a Galactic population of at least several million.",
author = "Welsh, {William F.} and Orosz, {Jerome A.} and Carter, {Joshua A.} and Fabrycky, {Daniel C.} and Ford, {Eric B.} and Lissauer, {Jack J.} and Andrej Prša and Quinn, {Samuel N.} and Darin Ragozzine and Short, {Donald R.} and Guillermo Torres and Winn, {Joshua N.} and Doyle, {Laurance R.} and Thomas Barclay and Natalie Batalha and Steven Bloemen and Erik Brugamyer and Buchhave, {Lars A.} and Caroline Caldwell and Caldwell, {Douglas A.} and Christiansen, {Jessie L.} and Ciardi, {David R.} and Cochran, {William D.} and Michael Endl and Fortney, {Jonathan J.} and Gautier, {Thomas N.} and Gilliland, {Ronald Lynn} and Haas, {Michael R.} and Hall, {Jennifer R.} and Holman, {Matthew J.} and Howard, {Andrew W.} and Howell, {Steve B.} and Howard Isaacson and Jenkins, {Jon M.} and Klaus, {Todd C.} and Latham, {David W.} and Jie Li and Marcy, {Geoffrey W.} and Tsevi Mazeh and Quintana, {Elisa V.} and Paul Robertson and Avi Shporer and Steffen, {Jason H.} and Gur Windmiller and Koch, {David G.} and Borucki, {William J.}",
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Welsh, WF, Orosz, JA, Carter, JA, Fabrycky, DC, Ford, EB, Lissauer, JJ, Prša, A, Quinn, SN, Ragozzine, D, Short, DR, Torres, G, Winn, JN, Doyle, LR, Barclay, T, Batalha, N, Bloemen, S, Brugamyer, E, Buchhave, LA, Caldwell, C, Caldwell, DA, Christiansen, JL, Ciardi, DR, Cochran, WD, Endl, M, Fortney, JJ, Gautier, TN, Gilliland, RL, Haas, MR, Hall, JR, Holman, MJ, Howard, AW, Howell, SB, Isaacson, H, Jenkins, JM, Klaus, TC, Latham, DW, Li, J, Marcy, GW, Mazeh, T, Quintana, EV, Robertson, P, Shporer, A, Steffen, JH, Windmiller, G, Koch, DG & Borucki, WJ 2012, 'Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b', Nature, vol. 481, no. 7382, pp. 475-479. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10768

Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b. / Welsh, William F.; Orosz, Jerome A.; Carter, Joshua A.; Fabrycky, Daniel C.; Ford, Eric B.; Lissauer, Jack J.; Prša, Andrej; Quinn, Samuel N.; Ragozzine, Darin; Short, Donald R.; Torres, Guillermo; Winn, Joshua N.; Doyle, Laurance R.; Barclay, Thomas; Batalha, Natalie; Bloemen, Steven; Brugamyer, Erik; Buchhave, Lars A.; Caldwell, Caroline; Caldwell, Douglas A.; Christiansen, Jessie L.; Ciardi, David R.; Cochran, William D.; Endl, Michael; Fortney, Jonathan J.; Gautier, Thomas N.; Gilliland, Ronald Lynn; Haas, Michael R.; Hall, Jennifer R.; Holman, Matthew J.; Howard, Andrew W.; Howell, Steve B.; Isaacson, Howard; Jenkins, Jon M.; Klaus, Todd C.; Latham, David W.; Li, Jie; Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Mazeh, Tsevi; Quintana, Elisa V.; Robertson, Paul; Shporer, Avi; Steffen, Jason H.; Windmiller, Gur; Koch, David G.; Borucki, William J.

In: Nature, Vol. 481, No. 7382, 26.01.2012, p. 475-479.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b

AU - Welsh, William F.

AU - Orosz, Jerome A.

AU - Carter, Joshua A.

AU - Fabrycky, Daniel C.

AU - Ford, Eric B.

AU - Lissauer, Jack J.

AU - Prša, Andrej

AU - Quinn, Samuel N.

AU - Ragozzine, Darin

AU - Short, Donald R.

AU - Torres, Guillermo

AU - Winn, Joshua N.

AU - Doyle, Laurance R.

AU - Barclay, Thomas

AU - Batalha, Natalie

AU - Bloemen, Steven

AU - Brugamyer, Erik

AU - Buchhave, Lars A.

AU - Caldwell, Caroline

AU - Caldwell, Douglas A.

AU - Christiansen, Jessie L.

AU - Ciardi, David R.

AU - Cochran, William D.

AU - Endl, Michael

AU - Fortney, Jonathan J.

AU - Gautier, Thomas N.

AU - Gilliland, Ronald Lynn

AU - Haas, Michael R.

AU - Hall, Jennifer R.

AU - Holman, Matthew J.

AU - Howard, Andrew W.

AU - Howell, Steve B.

AU - Isaacson, Howard

AU - Jenkins, Jon M.

AU - Klaus, Todd C.

AU - Latham, David W.

AU - Li, Jie

AU - Marcy, Geoffrey W.

AU - Mazeh, Tsevi

AU - Quintana, Elisa V.

AU - Robertson, Paul

AU - Shporer, Avi

AU - Steffen, Jason H.

AU - Windmiller, Gur

AU - Koch, David G.

AU - Borucki, William J.

PY - 2012/1/26

Y1 - 2012/1/26

N2 - Most Sun-like stars in the Galaxy reside in gravitationally bound pairs of stars (binaries). Although long anticipated, the existence of a 'circumbinary planet' orbiting such a pair of normal stars was not definitively established until the discovery of the planet transiting (that is, passing in front of) Kepler-16. Questions remained, however, about the prevalence of circumbinary planets and their range of orbital and physical properties. Here we report two additional transiting circumbinary planets: Kepler-34 (AB)b and Kepler-35 (AB)b, referred to here as Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b, respectively. Each is a low-density gas-giant planet on an orbit closely aligned with that of its parent stars. Kepler-34 b orbits two Sun-like stars every 289 days, whereas Kepler-35 b orbits a pair of smaller stars (89% and 81% of the Sun's mass) every 131 days. The planets experience large multi-periodic variations in incident stellar radiation arising from the orbital motion of the stars. The observed rate of circumbinary planets in our sample implies that more than ∼1% of close binary stars have giant planets in nearly coplanar orbits, yielding a Galactic population of at least several million.

AB - Most Sun-like stars in the Galaxy reside in gravitationally bound pairs of stars (binaries). Although long anticipated, the existence of a 'circumbinary planet' orbiting such a pair of normal stars was not definitively established until the discovery of the planet transiting (that is, passing in front of) Kepler-16. Questions remained, however, about the prevalence of circumbinary planets and their range of orbital and physical properties. Here we report two additional transiting circumbinary planets: Kepler-34 (AB)b and Kepler-35 (AB)b, referred to here as Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b, respectively. Each is a low-density gas-giant planet on an orbit closely aligned with that of its parent stars. Kepler-34 b orbits two Sun-like stars every 289 days, whereas Kepler-35 b orbits a pair of smaller stars (89% and 81% of the Sun's mass) every 131 days. The planets experience large multi-periodic variations in incident stellar radiation arising from the orbital motion of the stars. The observed rate of circumbinary planets in our sample implies that more than ∼1% of close binary stars have giant planets in nearly coplanar orbits, yielding a Galactic population of at least several million.

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Welsh WF, Orosz JA, Carter JA, Fabrycky DC, Ford EB, Lissauer JJ et al. Transiting circumbinary planets Kepler-34 b and Kepler-35 b. Nature. 2012 Jan 26;481(7382):475-479. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10768