Transitioning from stiff chest tubes to soft pleural catheters: Prospective assessment of a practice change

Kathryn Martin, Sherif Emil, Samara Zavalkoff, Andrea Lo, Michael Ganey, Robert Baird, Josee Gaudreault, Romain Mandel, Thérèse Perreault, Andréane Pharand

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Tube thoracostomies in children are required for multiple indications and can be associated with significant discomfort. In 2010, a multidisciplinary team at our institution developed a protocol to replace stiff chest tubes with 8.5-French soft pleural catheters in children requiring pleural drainage. Methods Before initiating the protocol, an audit sheet was developed to prospectively capture data regarding insertion, removal, complications, and success. After 8 months of new protocol utilization, these data were reviewed, along with a retrospective review of the patients' charts. Results Twenty-three patients had 33 pleural catheters inserted over an 8-month period. Mean age was 6.& years (1 day to 1& years). Indications for insertion were pneumothorax (24%), simple effusion (24%), chylothorax (27%), parapneumonic effusion/empyema (21%), and malignant effusion (3%). Complications included premature dislodgment (33%), blockage (15%), pneumothorax (3%), and bleeding (3%). Mean duration of pleural drainage was 7.2& days (0 to 3& days). Pleural drainage was successful in 91% of patients. Conclusion Soft pleural catheters are an acceptable alternative to traditional stiff chest tubes in the pediatric population. Premature dislodgment was the most common problem. Prospective audits are extremely valuable in assessing new procedural protocols and practice changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-393
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

Fingerprint

Chest Tubes
Drainage
Catheters
Pneumothorax
Thoracostomy
Chylothorax
Empyema
Pediatrics
Hemorrhage
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

Cite this

Martin, Kathryn ; Emil, Sherif ; Zavalkoff, Samara ; Lo, Andrea ; Ganey, Michael ; Baird, Robert ; Gaudreault, Josee ; Mandel, Romain ; Perreault, Thérèse ; Pharand, Andréane. / Transitioning from stiff chest tubes to soft pleural catheters : Prospective assessment of a practice change. In: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2013 ; Vol. 23, No. 5. pp. 389-393.
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abstract = "Background Tube thoracostomies in children are required for multiple indications and can be associated with significant discomfort. In 2010, a multidisciplinary team at our institution developed a protocol to replace stiff chest tubes with 8.5-French soft pleural catheters in children requiring pleural drainage. Methods Before initiating the protocol, an audit sheet was developed to prospectively capture data regarding insertion, removal, complications, and success. After 8 months of new protocol utilization, these data were reviewed, along with a retrospective review of the patients' charts. Results Twenty-three patients had 33 pleural catheters inserted over an 8-month period. Mean age was 6.& years (1 day to 1& years). Indications for insertion were pneumothorax (24{\%}), simple effusion (24{\%}), chylothorax (27{\%}), parapneumonic effusion/empyema (21{\%}), and malignant effusion (3{\%}). Complications included premature dislodgment (33{\%}), blockage (15{\%}), pneumothorax (3{\%}), and bleeding (3{\%}). Mean duration of pleural drainage was 7.2& days (0 to 3& days). Pleural drainage was successful in 91{\%} of patients. Conclusion Soft pleural catheters are an acceptable alternative to traditional stiff chest tubes in the pediatric population. Premature dislodgment was the most common problem. Prospective audits are extremely valuable in assessing new procedural protocols and practice changes.",
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Martin, K, Emil, S, Zavalkoff, S, Lo, A, Ganey, M, Baird, R, Gaudreault, J, Mandel, R, Perreault, T & Pharand, A 2013, 'Transitioning from stiff chest tubes to soft pleural catheters: Prospective assessment of a practice change', European Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 389-393. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1333641

Transitioning from stiff chest tubes to soft pleural catheters : Prospective assessment of a practice change. / Martin, Kathryn; Emil, Sherif; Zavalkoff, Samara; Lo, Andrea; Ganey, Michael; Baird, Robert; Gaudreault, Josee; Mandel, Romain; Perreault, Thérèse; Pharand, Andréane.

In: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Vol. 23, No. 5, 01.03.2013, p. 389-393.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transitioning from stiff chest tubes to soft pleural catheters

T2 - Prospective assessment of a practice change

AU - Martin, Kathryn

AU - Emil, Sherif

AU - Zavalkoff, Samara

AU - Lo, Andrea

AU - Ganey, Michael

AU - Baird, Robert

AU - Gaudreault, Josee

AU - Mandel, Romain

AU - Perreault, Thérèse

AU - Pharand, Andréane

PY - 2013/3/1

Y1 - 2013/3/1

N2 - Background Tube thoracostomies in children are required for multiple indications and can be associated with significant discomfort. In 2010, a multidisciplinary team at our institution developed a protocol to replace stiff chest tubes with 8.5-French soft pleural catheters in children requiring pleural drainage. Methods Before initiating the protocol, an audit sheet was developed to prospectively capture data regarding insertion, removal, complications, and success. After 8 months of new protocol utilization, these data were reviewed, along with a retrospective review of the patients' charts. Results Twenty-three patients had 33 pleural catheters inserted over an 8-month period. Mean age was 6.& years (1 day to 1& years). Indications for insertion were pneumothorax (24%), simple effusion (24%), chylothorax (27%), parapneumonic effusion/empyema (21%), and malignant effusion (3%). Complications included premature dislodgment (33%), blockage (15%), pneumothorax (3%), and bleeding (3%). Mean duration of pleural drainage was 7.2& days (0 to 3& days). Pleural drainage was successful in 91% of patients. Conclusion Soft pleural catheters are an acceptable alternative to traditional stiff chest tubes in the pediatric population. Premature dislodgment was the most common problem. Prospective audits are extremely valuable in assessing new procedural protocols and practice changes.

AB - Background Tube thoracostomies in children are required for multiple indications and can be associated with significant discomfort. In 2010, a multidisciplinary team at our institution developed a protocol to replace stiff chest tubes with 8.5-French soft pleural catheters in children requiring pleural drainage. Methods Before initiating the protocol, an audit sheet was developed to prospectively capture data regarding insertion, removal, complications, and success. After 8 months of new protocol utilization, these data were reviewed, along with a retrospective review of the patients' charts. Results Twenty-three patients had 33 pleural catheters inserted over an 8-month period. Mean age was 6.& years (1 day to 1& years). Indications for insertion were pneumothorax (24%), simple effusion (24%), chylothorax (27%), parapneumonic effusion/empyema (21%), and malignant effusion (3%). Complications included premature dislodgment (33%), blockage (15%), pneumothorax (3%), and bleeding (3%). Mean duration of pleural drainage was 7.2& days (0 to 3& days). Pleural drainage was successful in 91% of patients. Conclusion Soft pleural catheters are an acceptable alternative to traditional stiff chest tubes in the pediatric population. Premature dislodgment was the most common problem. Prospective audits are extremely valuable in assessing new procedural protocols and practice changes.

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U2 - 10.1055/s-0033-1333641

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JO - European Journal of Pediatric Surgery

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SN - 0939-7248

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