Transitions in gambling participation during late adolescence and young adulthood

Bethany Cara Bray, Grace P. Lee, Weiwei Liu, Carla L. Storr, Nicholas S. Ialongo, Silvia S. Martins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine transitions in gambling participation from late adolescence into emerging adulthood and to identify factors (i.e., gender, race, intervention status, lunch status, conduct disorder, parental monitoring, neighborhood environment, and substance use) that might influence these transitions. Methods Markov modeling was used to describe the movement between past-year gambling states (i.e., nongambling and gambling) across 5 years. Annual data on the past-year gambling behavior and substance use were collected from 515 young men and women starting at the age of 17 years. Results Past-year gambling declined from 51% prevalence at the age of 17 years to 21% prevalence at the age of 22 years. Participants who reported no past-year gambling at a particular annual assessment had more than an 80% probability of also reporting no past-year gambling at the following assessment. Men were 1.07-2.82 times more likely than women to transition from past-year nongambling to gambling year to year, and women were 1.27-5.26 times more likely than men to transition from past-year gambling to nongambling year to year. In addition, gender and past-year tobacco use interacted such that men who used tobacco were most likely (and men who did not use tobacco least likely) to gamble at baseline. Conclusions Transition rates between gambling states appear to be relatively stable over time from late adolescence into emerging adulthood; however, men and those who engage in substance use may be at an increased risk of gambling participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Gambling
Tobacco Use
Conduct Disorder
Lunch
Tobacco

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Bray, B. C., Lee, G. P., Liu, W., Storr, C. L., Ialongo, N. S., & Martins, S. S. (2014). Transitions in gambling participation during late adolescence and young adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55(2), 188-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.02.001
Bray, Bethany Cara ; Lee, Grace P. ; Liu, Weiwei ; Storr, Carla L. ; Ialongo, Nicholas S. ; Martins, Silvia S. / Transitions in gambling participation during late adolescence and young adulthood. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 2014 ; Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 188-194.
@article{4abf15f46a194a5395d1d16bb0b94140,
title = "Transitions in gambling participation during late adolescence and young adulthood",
abstract = "Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine transitions in gambling participation from late adolescence into emerging adulthood and to identify factors (i.e., gender, race, intervention status, lunch status, conduct disorder, parental monitoring, neighborhood environment, and substance use) that might influence these transitions. Methods Markov modeling was used to describe the movement between past-year gambling states (i.e., nongambling and gambling) across 5 years. Annual data on the past-year gambling behavior and substance use were collected from 515 young men and women starting at the age of 17 years. Results Past-year gambling declined from 51{\%} prevalence at the age of 17 years to 21{\%} prevalence at the age of 22 years. Participants who reported no past-year gambling at a particular annual assessment had more than an 80{\%} probability of also reporting no past-year gambling at the following assessment. Men were 1.07-2.82 times more likely than women to transition from past-year nongambling to gambling year to year, and women were 1.27-5.26 times more likely than men to transition from past-year gambling to nongambling year to year. In addition, gender and past-year tobacco use interacted such that men who used tobacco were most likely (and men who did not use tobacco least likely) to gamble at baseline. Conclusions Transition rates between gambling states appear to be relatively stable over time from late adolescence into emerging adulthood; however, men and those who engage in substance use may be at an increased risk of gambling participation.",
author = "Bray, {Bethany Cara} and Lee, {Grace P.} and Weiwei Liu and Storr, {Carla L.} and Ialongo, {Nicholas S.} and Martins, {Silvia S.}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.02.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "188--194",
journal = "Journal of Adolescent Health",
issn = "1054-139X",
publisher = "Elsevier USA",
number = "2",

}

Bray, BC, Lee, GP, Liu, W, Storr, CL, Ialongo, NS & Martins, SS 2014, 'Transitions in gambling participation during late adolescence and young adulthood', Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 188-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.02.001

Transitions in gambling participation during late adolescence and young adulthood. / Bray, Bethany Cara; Lee, Grace P.; Liu, Weiwei; Storr, Carla L.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.; Martins, Silvia S.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 55, No. 2, 01.01.2014, p. 188-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transitions in gambling participation during late adolescence and young adulthood

AU - Bray, Bethany Cara

AU - Lee, Grace P.

AU - Liu, Weiwei

AU - Storr, Carla L.

AU - Ialongo, Nicholas S.

AU - Martins, Silvia S.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine transitions in gambling participation from late adolescence into emerging adulthood and to identify factors (i.e., gender, race, intervention status, lunch status, conduct disorder, parental monitoring, neighborhood environment, and substance use) that might influence these transitions. Methods Markov modeling was used to describe the movement between past-year gambling states (i.e., nongambling and gambling) across 5 years. Annual data on the past-year gambling behavior and substance use were collected from 515 young men and women starting at the age of 17 years. Results Past-year gambling declined from 51% prevalence at the age of 17 years to 21% prevalence at the age of 22 years. Participants who reported no past-year gambling at a particular annual assessment had more than an 80% probability of also reporting no past-year gambling at the following assessment. Men were 1.07-2.82 times more likely than women to transition from past-year nongambling to gambling year to year, and women were 1.27-5.26 times more likely than men to transition from past-year gambling to nongambling year to year. In addition, gender and past-year tobacco use interacted such that men who used tobacco were most likely (and men who did not use tobacco least likely) to gamble at baseline. Conclusions Transition rates between gambling states appear to be relatively stable over time from late adolescence into emerging adulthood; however, men and those who engage in substance use may be at an increased risk of gambling participation.

AB - Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine transitions in gambling participation from late adolescence into emerging adulthood and to identify factors (i.e., gender, race, intervention status, lunch status, conduct disorder, parental monitoring, neighborhood environment, and substance use) that might influence these transitions. Methods Markov modeling was used to describe the movement between past-year gambling states (i.e., nongambling and gambling) across 5 years. Annual data on the past-year gambling behavior and substance use were collected from 515 young men and women starting at the age of 17 years. Results Past-year gambling declined from 51% prevalence at the age of 17 years to 21% prevalence at the age of 22 years. Participants who reported no past-year gambling at a particular annual assessment had more than an 80% probability of also reporting no past-year gambling at the following assessment. Men were 1.07-2.82 times more likely than women to transition from past-year nongambling to gambling year to year, and women were 1.27-5.26 times more likely than men to transition from past-year gambling to nongambling year to year. In addition, gender and past-year tobacco use interacted such that men who used tobacco were most likely (and men who did not use tobacco least likely) to gamble at baseline. Conclusions Transition rates between gambling states appear to be relatively stable over time from late adolescence into emerging adulthood; however, men and those who engage in substance use may be at an increased risk of gambling participation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84904983680&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84904983680&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.02.001

DO - 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.02.001

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 188

EP - 194

JO - Journal of Adolescent Health

JF - Journal of Adolescent Health

SN - 1054-139X

IS - 2

ER -