Two of the most expected objectives of transmission line protection are: 1) differentiating precisely the internal faults from external and 2) indicating exactly the fault type using one end data only. This paper proposes an improved solution based on wavelet transform and self-organized neural network. The measured voltage and current signals are preprocessed first and then decomposed using wavelet multiresolution analysis to obtain the high frequency details and low frequency approximations. The patterns formed based on high frequency signal components are arranged as inputs of neural network #1, whose task is to indicate whether the fault is internal or external. The patterns formed using low frequency approximations are arranged as inputs of neural network #2, whose task is to indicate the exact fault type. The new method uses both low and high frequency information of the fault signal to achieve an advanced line protection scheme. The proposed approach is verified using frequency-dependent transmission line model and the test results prove its enhanced performance. A discussion of the application issues for the proposed approach is provided at the end where the generality of the proposed approach and guidance for future study are pointed out.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering