Transmyocardial revascularization in patients with refractory, unstable angina

Robert D. Dowling, Michael R. Petracek, Samuel L. Selinger, Keith B. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Background - Previous reports of transmyocardial revascularization (TMR) indicate a significant mortality in patients with refractory, unstable angina. We hypothesized that TMR with a holmium laser would result in significant angina relief with acceptable mortality in this patient population. Methods and Results - Patients were defined as unstable if they were unweanable from intravenous antianginal medications or were too unstable for a persantine thallium scan. Patients had a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of >25% and were not amenable to CABG or PTCA. Before treatment, all patients had class IV angina. TMR was performed in 85 patients, with a mean of 35±11 transmural laser channels. Mean age was 63±10 years. Mean LVEF was 48±11%. Of these patients, 79% were men. Prior CABG and/or PTCA had been performed in 87% of patients, and 72% of patients had a history of prior MI. Operative mortality was 12% (10 of 85). There were 2 deaths between discharge and 3 months after surgery and 7 late deaths from 6 to 12 months after surgery. Twelve-month mortality was 22.4% (19 of 85). At 3 months, 86% of patients had class II angina or better. At 6 and 12 months, 77% and 75% of patients, respectively, had class II angina or better. Mean angina class at 6 and 12 months' follow-up was 1.5±1.1 and 1.6±1.3, respectively. Conclusions - In patients with refractory unstable angina, TMR with a holmium laser provided significant angina relief. Moreover, 30-day operative mortality and 12-month mortality were acceptable, especially given this subset of unstable patients with refractory angina.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)II73-II76
Issue number19 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Nov 10 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Transmyocardial revascularization in patients with refractory, unstable angina'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this