High transparency was obtained in (1−x)(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3–xSr(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (x=0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.05, 0.06, 0.07, 0.08) lead-free ceramics by pressure-less sintering procedure. The effects of Sr(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 content on the microstructure, phase transition, optical properties and electrical properties were studied in detail. The X-ray diffraction results showed that the crystal structure of ceramics gradually transformed from orthorhombic phase into pseudo-cubic phase with doping of Sr(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3. The fine grain microstructure with clear grain boundary was observed in all compositions, while the grain size exhibited significant composition dependence. It was found that a more uniform distribution with smaller grain size was favorable to high optical transmittance, owing to the decreased scattering by grains and grain boundaries. In addition, a strong diffuse phase transformation in KNN-based ceramics induced by Sr(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 doping, causing the ceramics become more relaxor-like and transparent. The transmittance and electric properties results indicated that the 0.95(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3–0.05 Sr(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics exhibited higher transmittance (60% in the near-IR region) accompanied with better electrical properties (εm=2104, Pr=5.0 μC/cm2, d33=92 pC/N).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry