Transport studies of dual-gated ABC and ABA trilayer graphene

Band gap opening and band structure tuning in very large perpendicular electric fields

K. Zou, Fan Zhang, C. Clapp, A. H. MacDonald, Jun Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the transport properties of ABC and ABA stacked trilayer graphene using dual, locally gated field effect devices. The high efficiency and large breakdown voltage of the HfO2 top and bottom gates enable independent tuning of the perpendicular electric field and the Fermi level over an unprecedentedly large range. We observe a resistance change of 6 orders of magnitude in the ABC trilayer, which demonstrates the opening of a band gap. Our data suggest that the gap saturates at a large displacement field of D ∼ 3 V/nm, in agreement with self-consistent Hartree calculations. In contrast, the ABA trilayer remains metallic even under a large perpendicular electric field. Despite the absence of a band gap, the band structure of the ABA trilayer continues to evolve with increasing D. We observe signatures of two-band conduction at large D fields. Our self-consistent Hartree calculation reproduces many aspects of the experimental data but also points to the need for more sophisticated theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-373
Number of pages5
JournalNano letters
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 13 2013

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Graphite
Band structure
Graphene
graphene
Energy gap
Tuning
tuning
Electric fields
electric fields
Fermi level
Conduction bands
Electric breakdown
Transport properties
electrical faults
conduction bands
transport properties
signatures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "We report on the transport properties of ABC and ABA stacked trilayer graphene using dual, locally gated field effect devices. The high efficiency and large breakdown voltage of the HfO2 top and bottom gates enable independent tuning of the perpendicular electric field and the Fermi level over an unprecedentedly large range. We observe a resistance change of 6 orders of magnitude in the ABC trilayer, which demonstrates the opening of a band gap. Our data suggest that the gap saturates at a large displacement field of D ∼ 3 V/nm, in agreement with self-consistent Hartree calculations. In contrast, the ABA trilayer remains metallic even under a large perpendicular electric field. Despite the absence of a band gap, the band structure of the ABA trilayer continues to evolve with increasing D. We observe signatures of two-band conduction at large D fields. Our self-consistent Hartree calculation reproduces many aspects of the experimental data but also points to the need for more sophisticated theory.",
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Transport studies of dual-gated ABC and ABA trilayer graphene : Band gap opening and band structure tuning in very large perpendicular electric fields. / Zou, K.; Zhang, Fan; Clapp, C.; MacDonald, A. H.; Zhu, Jun.

In: Nano letters, Vol. 13, No. 2, 13.02.2013, p. 369-373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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