Trapping Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) in the United States and Canada using sex attractants

Paul S. Robbins, Steven R. Alm, Charles D. Armstrong, Anne L. Averill, Thomas Charles Baker, Robert J. Bauernfiend, Frederick P. Baxendale, S. Kris Braman, Rick L. Brandenburg, Daniel B. Cash, Gary J. Couch, Richard S. Cowles, Robert L. Crocker, Zandra D. DeLamar, Timothy G. Dittl, Sheila M. Fitzpatrick, Kathy L. Flanders, Tom Forgatsch, Timothy J. Gibb, Bruce D. GillDaniel O. Gilrein, Clyde S. Gorsuch, Abner M. Hammond, Patricia D. Hastings, David W. Held, Paul R. Heller, Rose T. Hiskes, James L. Holliman, William G. Hudson, Michael G. Klein, Vera L. Krischik, David J. Lee, Charles E. Linn, Nancy J. Luce, Kenna E. MacKenzie, Catherine M. Mannion, Sridhar Polavarapu, Daniel A. Potter, Wendell L. Roelofs, Brian M. Royals, Glenn A. Salsbury, Nathan M. Schiff, David J. Shetlar, Margaret Skinner, Beverly L. Sparks, Jessica A. Sutschek, Timothy P. Sutschek, Stanley R. Swier, Martha M. Sylvia, Neil J. Vickers, Patricia J. Vittum, Richard Weidman, Donald C. Weber, R. Chris Williamson, Michael G. Villani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The sex pheromone of the scarab beetle, Phyllophaga anxia, is a blend of the methyl esters of two amino acids, L-valine and L-isoleucine. A field trapping study was conducted, deploying different blends of the two compounds at 59 locations in the United States and Canada. More than 57,000 males of 61 Phyllophaga species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) were captured and identified. Three major findings included: (1) widespread use of the two compounds [of the 147 Phyllophaga (sensu stricto) species found in the United States and Canada, males of nearly 40% were captured]; (2) in most species intraspecific male response to the pheromone blends was stable between years and over geography; and (3) an unusual pheromone polymorphism was described from P. anxia. Populations at some locations were captured with Lvaline methyl ester alone, whereas populations at other locations were captured with L-isoleucine methyl ester alone. At additional locations, the L-valine methyl ester-responding populations and the L-isoleucine methyl ester-responding populations were both present, producing a bimodal capture curve. In southeastern Massachusetts and in Rhode Island, in the United States, P. anxia males were captured with blends of L-valine methyl ester and L-isoleucine methyl ester.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Insect Science
Volume6
StatePublished - Nov 15 2006

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Phyllophaga
sex attractants
Scarabaeidae
trapping
Phyllophaga anxia
esters
Canada
Coleoptera
isoleucine
valine
pheromone blends
sex pheromones
geography
polymorphism
pheromones
amino acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Insect Science

Cite this

Robbins, P. S., Alm, S. R., Armstrong, C. D., Averill, A. L., Baker, T. C., Bauernfiend, R. J., ... Villani, M. G. (2006). Trapping Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) in the United States and Canada using sex attractants. Journal of Insect Science, 6.
Robbins, Paul S. ; Alm, Steven R. ; Armstrong, Charles D. ; Averill, Anne L. ; Baker, Thomas Charles ; Bauernfiend, Robert J. ; Baxendale, Frederick P. ; Braman, S. Kris ; Brandenburg, Rick L. ; Cash, Daniel B. ; Couch, Gary J. ; Cowles, Richard S. ; Crocker, Robert L. ; DeLamar, Zandra D. ; Dittl, Timothy G. ; Fitzpatrick, Sheila M. ; Flanders, Kathy L. ; Forgatsch, Tom ; Gibb, Timothy J. ; Gill, Bruce D. ; Gilrein, Daniel O. ; Gorsuch, Clyde S. ; Hammond, Abner M. ; Hastings, Patricia D. ; Held, David W. ; Heller, Paul R. ; Hiskes, Rose T. ; Holliman, James L. ; Hudson, William G. ; Klein, Michael G. ; Krischik, Vera L. ; Lee, David J. ; Linn, Charles E. ; Luce, Nancy J. ; MacKenzie, Kenna E. ; Mannion, Catherine M. ; Polavarapu, Sridhar ; Potter, Daniel A. ; Roelofs, Wendell L. ; Royals, Brian M. ; Salsbury, Glenn A. ; Schiff, Nathan M. ; Shetlar, David J. ; Skinner, Margaret ; Sparks, Beverly L. ; Sutschek, Jessica A. ; Sutschek, Timothy P. ; Swier, Stanley R. ; Sylvia, Martha M. ; Vickers, Neil J. ; Vittum, Patricia J. ; Weidman, Richard ; Weber, Donald C. ; Williamson, R. Chris ; Villani, Michael G. / Trapping Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera : Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) in the United States and Canada using sex attractants. In: Journal of Insect Science. 2006 ; Vol. 6.
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abstract = "The sex pheromone of the scarab beetle, Phyllophaga anxia, is a blend of the methyl esters of two amino acids, L-valine and L-isoleucine. A field trapping study was conducted, deploying different blends of the two compounds at 59 locations in the United States and Canada. More than 57,000 males of 61 Phyllophaga species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) were captured and identified. Three major findings included: (1) widespread use of the two compounds [of the 147 Phyllophaga (sensu stricto) species found in the United States and Canada, males of nearly 40{\%} were captured]; (2) in most species intraspecific male response to the pheromone blends was stable between years and over geography; and (3) an unusual pheromone polymorphism was described from P. anxia. Populations at some locations were captured with Lvaline methyl ester alone, whereas populations at other locations were captured with L-isoleucine methyl ester alone. At additional locations, the L-valine methyl ester-responding populations and the L-isoleucine methyl ester-responding populations were both present, producing a bimodal capture curve. In southeastern Massachusetts and in Rhode Island, in the United States, P. anxia males were captured with blends of L-valine methyl ester and L-isoleucine methyl ester.",
author = "Robbins, {Paul S.} and Alm, {Steven R.} and Armstrong, {Charles D.} and Averill, {Anne L.} and Baker, {Thomas Charles} and Bauernfiend, {Robert J.} and Baxendale, {Frederick P.} and Braman, {S. Kris} and Brandenburg, {Rick L.} and Cash, {Daniel B.} and Couch, {Gary J.} and Cowles, {Richard S.} and Crocker, {Robert L.} and DeLamar, {Zandra D.} and Dittl, {Timothy G.} and Fitzpatrick, {Sheila M.} and Flanders, {Kathy L.} and Tom Forgatsch and Gibb, {Timothy J.} and Gill, {Bruce D.} and Gilrein, {Daniel O.} and Gorsuch, {Clyde S.} and Hammond, {Abner M.} and Hastings, {Patricia D.} and Held, {David W.} and Heller, {Paul R.} and Hiskes, {Rose T.} and Holliman, {James L.} and Hudson, {William G.} and Klein, {Michael G.} and Krischik, {Vera L.} and Lee, {David J.} and Linn, {Charles E.} and Luce, {Nancy J.} and MacKenzie, {Kenna E.} and Mannion, {Catherine M.} and Sridhar Polavarapu and Potter, {Daniel A.} and Roelofs, {Wendell L.} and Royals, {Brian M.} and Salsbury, {Glenn A.} and Schiff, {Nathan M.} and Shetlar, {David J.} and Margaret Skinner and Sparks, {Beverly L.} and Sutschek, {Jessica A.} and Sutschek, {Timothy P.} and Swier, {Stanley R.} and Sylvia, {Martha M.} and Vickers, {Neil J.} and Vittum, {Patricia J.} and Richard Weidman and Weber, {Donald C.} and Williamson, {R. Chris} and Villani, {Michael G.}",
year = "2006",
month = "11",
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language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
journal = "Journal of Insect Science",
issn = "1536-2442",
publisher = "Library of the University of Arizona",

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Robbins, PS, Alm, SR, Armstrong, CD, Averill, AL, Baker, TC, Bauernfiend, RJ, Baxendale, FP, Braman, SK, Brandenburg, RL, Cash, DB, Couch, GJ, Cowles, RS, Crocker, RL, DeLamar, ZD, Dittl, TG, Fitzpatrick, SM, Flanders, KL, Forgatsch, T, Gibb, TJ, Gill, BD, Gilrein, DO, Gorsuch, CS, Hammond, AM, Hastings, PD, Held, DW, Heller, PR, Hiskes, RT, Holliman, JL, Hudson, WG, Klein, MG, Krischik, VL, Lee, DJ, Linn, CE, Luce, NJ, MacKenzie, KE, Mannion, CM, Polavarapu, S, Potter, DA, Roelofs, WL, Royals, BM, Salsbury, GA, Schiff, NM, Shetlar, DJ, Skinner, M, Sparks, BL, Sutschek, JA, Sutschek, TP, Swier, SR, Sylvia, MM, Vickers, NJ, Vittum, PJ, Weidman, R, Weber, DC, Williamson, RC & Villani, MG 2006, 'Trapping Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) in the United States and Canada using sex attractants', Journal of Insect Science, vol. 6.

Trapping Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera : Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) in the United States and Canada using sex attractants. / Robbins, Paul S.; Alm, Steven R.; Armstrong, Charles D.; Averill, Anne L.; Baker, Thomas Charles; Bauernfiend, Robert J.; Baxendale, Frederick P.; Braman, S. Kris; Brandenburg, Rick L.; Cash, Daniel B.; Couch, Gary J.; Cowles, Richard S.; Crocker, Robert L.; DeLamar, Zandra D.; Dittl, Timothy G.; Fitzpatrick, Sheila M.; Flanders, Kathy L.; Forgatsch, Tom; Gibb, Timothy J.; Gill, Bruce D.; Gilrein, Daniel O.; Gorsuch, Clyde S.; Hammond, Abner M.; Hastings, Patricia D.; Held, David W.; Heller, Paul R.; Hiskes, Rose T.; Holliman, James L.; Hudson, William G.; Klein, Michael G.; Krischik, Vera L.; Lee, David J.; Linn, Charles E.; Luce, Nancy J.; MacKenzie, Kenna E.; Mannion, Catherine M.; Polavarapu, Sridhar; Potter, Daniel A.; Roelofs, Wendell L.; Royals, Brian M.; Salsbury, Glenn A.; Schiff, Nathan M.; Shetlar, David J.; Skinner, Margaret; Sparks, Beverly L.; Sutschek, Jessica A.; Sutschek, Timothy P.; Swier, Stanley R.; Sylvia, Martha M.; Vickers, Neil J.; Vittum, Patricia J.; Weidman, Richard; Weber, Donald C.; Williamson, R. Chris; Villani, Michael G.

In: Journal of Insect Science, Vol. 6, 15.11.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trapping Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera

T2 - Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) in the United States and Canada using sex attractants

AU - Robbins, Paul S.

AU - Alm, Steven R.

AU - Armstrong, Charles D.

AU - Averill, Anne L.

AU - Baker, Thomas Charles

AU - Bauernfiend, Robert J.

AU - Baxendale, Frederick P.

AU - Braman, S. Kris

AU - Brandenburg, Rick L.

AU - Cash, Daniel B.

AU - Couch, Gary J.

AU - Cowles, Richard S.

AU - Crocker, Robert L.

AU - DeLamar, Zandra D.

AU - Dittl, Timothy G.

AU - Fitzpatrick, Sheila M.

AU - Flanders, Kathy L.

AU - Forgatsch, Tom

AU - Gibb, Timothy J.

AU - Gill, Bruce D.

AU - Gilrein, Daniel O.

AU - Gorsuch, Clyde S.

AU - Hammond, Abner M.

AU - Hastings, Patricia D.

AU - Held, David W.

AU - Heller, Paul R.

AU - Hiskes, Rose T.

AU - Holliman, James L.

AU - Hudson, William G.

AU - Klein, Michael G.

AU - Krischik, Vera L.

AU - Lee, David J.

AU - Linn, Charles E.

AU - Luce, Nancy J.

AU - MacKenzie, Kenna E.

AU - Mannion, Catherine M.

AU - Polavarapu, Sridhar

AU - Potter, Daniel A.

AU - Roelofs, Wendell L.

AU - Royals, Brian M.

AU - Salsbury, Glenn A.

AU - Schiff, Nathan M.

AU - Shetlar, David J.

AU - Skinner, Margaret

AU - Sparks, Beverly L.

AU - Sutschek, Jessica A.

AU - Sutschek, Timothy P.

AU - Swier, Stanley R.

AU - Sylvia, Martha M.

AU - Vickers, Neil J.

AU - Vittum, Patricia J.

AU - Weidman, Richard

AU - Weber, Donald C.

AU - Williamson, R. Chris

AU - Villani, Michael G.

PY - 2006/11/15

Y1 - 2006/11/15

N2 - The sex pheromone of the scarab beetle, Phyllophaga anxia, is a blend of the methyl esters of two amino acids, L-valine and L-isoleucine. A field trapping study was conducted, deploying different blends of the two compounds at 59 locations in the United States and Canada. More than 57,000 males of 61 Phyllophaga species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) were captured and identified. Three major findings included: (1) widespread use of the two compounds [of the 147 Phyllophaga (sensu stricto) species found in the United States and Canada, males of nearly 40% were captured]; (2) in most species intraspecific male response to the pheromone blends was stable between years and over geography; and (3) an unusual pheromone polymorphism was described from P. anxia. Populations at some locations were captured with Lvaline methyl ester alone, whereas populations at other locations were captured with L-isoleucine methyl ester alone. At additional locations, the L-valine methyl ester-responding populations and the L-isoleucine methyl ester-responding populations were both present, producing a bimodal capture curve. In southeastern Massachusetts and in Rhode Island, in the United States, P. anxia males were captured with blends of L-valine methyl ester and L-isoleucine methyl ester.

AB - The sex pheromone of the scarab beetle, Phyllophaga anxia, is a blend of the methyl esters of two amino acids, L-valine and L-isoleucine. A field trapping study was conducted, deploying different blends of the two compounds at 59 locations in the United States and Canada. More than 57,000 males of 61 Phyllophaga species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) were captured and identified. Three major findings included: (1) widespread use of the two compounds [of the 147 Phyllophaga (sensu stricto) species found in the United States and Canada, males of nearly 40% were captured]; (2) in most species intraspecific male response to the pheromone blends was stable between years and over geography; and (3) an unusual pheromone polymorphism was described from P. anxia. Populations at some locations were captured with Lvaline methyl ester alone, whereas populations at other locations were captured with L-isoleucine methyl ester alone. At additional locations, the L-valine methyl ester-responding populations and the L-isoleucine methyl ester-responding populations were both present, producing a bimodal capture curve. In southeastern Massachusetts and in Rhode Island, in the United States, P. anxia males were captured with blends of L-valine methyl ester and L-isoleucine methyl ester.

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