Treating intraepithelial lesions of the uterine cervix by laser CO2. Evaluation of the past, appraisal for the future

E. Diakomanolis, D. Haidopoulos, A. Rodolakis, E. Messaris, G. Sakellaropoulos, C. Calpaktsoglou, S. Michalas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objective: Carbon dioxide laser (CO2) has been widely used in the past for the treatment of squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) of the uterine cervix. We present our 10-year experience of using this modality while evaluating its current and future use. Materials and Methods: From 1988 to 1998, 3,078 women were treated for an intraepithelial lesion of the uterine cervix (SIL) by laser CO2 either by vaporization or conization. The procedure was performed on an outpatient basis and was well tolerated by the great majority of patients. The mean age of the women treated by vaporization was 27.5 years whereas of those managed by conization, 34.8 years. Results: From the 3,078 women, 750 (24.4%) underwent laser vaporization and the remaining 2,328 (75.6%), conization of the cervix. Complications were minimal and consisted of intraoperative and postoperative bleeding (0.56%), pelvic infections (0.04%) and cervical stenosis (1.1%). Mean follow-up time was 83 months (range 24-142). Relapsing disease (either persistent or recurrent) was detected in 5.6% of the vaporization and 3.9% of the conization group. Conclusions: The management of SIL of the uterine cervix by laser C02 offers excellent success rates with minor complications. The preservation of the anatomical integrity of the cervical tissue offers a better follow-up of these patients and the potential for repeat treatment. Although other treatment modalities are available, we believe that laser C02 represents an excellent surgical tool for the management of intraepithelial lesions of the uterine cervix.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-468
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Volume23
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 3 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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