Treatment of carbon fiber brush anodes for improving power generation in air-cathode microbial fuel cells

Yujie Feng, Qiao Yang, Xin Wang, Bruce Ernest Logan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Carbon brush electrodes have been used to provide high surface areas for bacterial growth and high power densities in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Three different treatment methods were first used to examine the power generation of carbon fiber (CF) brushes. It was proven that heat treatment (CF-) can improve power production to 1280 mW m-2, which was 25.4% larger than the untreated control (CF-C, 1020 mW m-2). Different heat treatment temperature was applied to carbon fiber and different power generated. XPS and NMR analysis of the treated and untreated anode materials indicated that power increases were related to higher N1s/C1s ratios and a lower C-O composition. These findings demonstrate efficient and simple methods for improving power generation, and provide insight into reasons for improving performance that may help to further increase power through other carbon fiber modifications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Event239th ACS National Meeting and Exposition - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 21 2010Mar 25 2010

Fingerprint

Microbial fuel cells
Brushes
Carbon fibers
Power generation
Anodes
Cathodes
Air
Heat treatment
Carbon
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Nuclear magnetic resonance
carbon fiber
Electrodes
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

@article{7648620475eb43e694d4645bf36c2242,
title = "Treatment of carbon fiber brush anodes for improving power generation in air-cathode microbial fuel cells",
abstract = "Carbon brush electrodes have been used to provide high surface areas for bacterial growth and high power densities in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Three different treatment methods were first used to examine the power generation of carbon fiber (CF) brushes. It was proven that heat treatment (CF-) can improve power production to 1280 mW m-2, which was 25.4{\%} larger than the untreated control (CF-C, 1020 mW m-2). Different heat treatment temperature was applied to carbon fiber and different power generated. XPS and NMR analysis of the treated and untreated anode materials indicated that power increases were related to higher N1s/C1s ratios and a lower C-O composition. These findings demonstrate efficient and simple methods for improving power generation, and provide insight into reasons for improving performance that may help to further increase power through other carbon fiber modifications.",
author = "Yujie Feng and Qiao Yang and Xin Wang and Logan, {Bruce Ernest}",
year = "2010",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts",
issn = "0065-7727",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",

}

Treatment of carbon fiber brush anodes for improving power generation in air-cathode microbial fuel cells. / Feng, Yujie; Yang, Qiao; Wang, Xin; Logan, Bruce Ernest.

In: ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, 01.12.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Treatment of carbon fiber brush anodes for improving power generation in air-cathode microbial fuel cells

AU - Feng, Yujie

AU - Yang, Qiao

AU - Wang, Xin

AU - Logan, Bruce Ernest

PY - 2010/12/1

Y1 - 2010/12/1

N2 - Carbon brush electrodes have been used to provide high surface areas for bacterial growth and high power densities in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Three different treatment methods were first used to examine the power generation of carbon fiber (CF) brushes. It was proven that heat treatment (CF-) can improve power production to 1280 mW m-2, which was 25.4% larger than the untreated control (CF-C, 1020 mW m-2). Different heat treatment temperature was applied to carbon fiber and different power generated. XPS and NMR analysis of the treated and untreated anode materials indicated that power increases were related to higher N1s/C1s ratios and a lower C-O composition. These findings demonstrate efficient and simple methods for improving power generation, and provide insight into reasons for improving performance that may help to further increase power through other carbon fiber modifications.

AB - Carbon brush electrodes have been used to provide high surface areas for bacterial growth and high power densities in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Three different treatment methods were first used to examine the power generation of carbon fiber (CF) brushes. It was proven that heat treatment (CF-) can improve power production to 1280 mW m-2, which was 25.4% larger than the untreated control (CF-C, 1020 mW m-2). Different heat treatment temperature was applied to carbon fiber and different power generated. XPS and NMR analysis of the treated and untreated anode materials indicated that power increases were related to higher N1s/C1s ratios and a lower C-O composition. These findings demonstrate efficient and simple methods for improving power generation, and provide insight into reasons for improving performance that may help to further increase power through other carbon fiber modifications.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79951524338&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79951524338&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:79951524338

JO - ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts

JF - ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts

SN - 0065-7727

ER -