Treatment-related calvarial lesions in pediatric brain tumor survivors

David Wallace, Douglas R. Taylor, Haitao Pan, Scott Hwang, John T. Lucas, Paul Klimo, Santhosh A. Upadhyaya, Frederick A. Boop

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Abstract

Background: Despite improved survival, many pediatric brain tumor survivors receiving radiation therapy (RT) experience late effects. Procedure: To study calvarial lesions in this population, we retrospectively reviewed records of patients undergoing neurosurgical evaluation for calvarial bone lesions detected in posttreatment follow-up imaging at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. Primary tumor diagnosis, treatment, imaging, surgical intervention, and histopathology from patients with radiographic evidence of lesions followed for ≥2 years post-RT were studied. Results: For 17 patients with 18 index lesions, median time to lesion manifestation was 2.34 years. Medulloblastoma patients developed lesions at a shorter interval from RT than ependymoma patients (P =.05). Twelve of 14 lesions requiring surgery were benign fibro-osseous or sclerotic. Two malignant lesions distinct from the primary tumor had genetic predisposition to malignancy. Conclusion: Most calvarial lesions arising post-RT are benign and fibro-osseous. Serial imaging is recommended, and high index of suspicion for malignant lesions is warranted for patients genetically predisposed to cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere28189
JournalPediatric Blood and Cancer
Volume67
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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