Trends and predictors of appropriate complementary feeding practices in Nepal: An analysis of national household survey data collected between 2001 and 2014

Muzi Na, Víctor M. Aguayo, Mary Arimond, Pradiumna Dahal, Bikash Lamichhane, Rajkumar Pokharel, Stanley Chitekwe, Christine P. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is evidence that suboptimal complementary feeding contributes to poor child growth. However, little is known about time trends and determinants of complementary feeding in Nepal, where the prevalence of child undernutrition remains unacceptably high. The objective of the study was to examine the trends and predictors of suboptimal complementary feeding in Nepali children aged 6–23 months using nationally representative data collected from 2001 to 2014. Data from the 2001, 2006, and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys and the 2014 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey were used to estimate the prevalence, trends and predictors of four WHO-UNICEF complementary feeding indicators: timely introduction of complementary foods (INTRO), minimum meal frequency (MMF), minimum dietary diversity (MDD), and minimum acceptable diet (MAD). We used multilevel logistic regression models to identify independent factors associated with these indicators at the individual, household and community levels. In 2014, the weighted proportion of children meeting INTRO, MMF, MDD, and MAD criteria were 72%, 82%, 36% and 35%, respectively, with modest average annual rate of increase ranging from 1% to 2%. Increasing child age, maternal education, antenatal visits, and community-level access to health care services independently predicted increasing odds of achieving MMF, MDD, and MAD. Practices also varied by ecological zone and sociocultural group. Complementary feeding practices in Nepal have improved slowly in the past 15 years. Inequities in the risk of inappropriate complementary feeding are evident, calling for programme design and implementation to address poor feeding and malnutrition among the most vulnerable Nepali children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12564
JournalMaternal and Child Nutrition
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2018

Fingerprint

Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Nepal
Meals
Diet
Malnutrition
Logistic Models
Prenatal Education
Health Services Accessibility
United Nations
Maternal Age
Health Services
Surveys and Questionnaires
Demography
Food
Growth

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Na, Muzi ; Aguayo, Víctor M. ; Arimond, Mary ; Dahal, Pradiumna ; Lamichhane, Bikash ; Pokharel, Rajkumar ; Chitekwe, Stanley ; Stewart, Christine P. / Trends and predictors of appropriate complementary feeding practices in Nepal : An analysis of national household survey data collected between 2001 and 2014. In: Maternal and Child Nutrition. 2018 ; Vol. 14.
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Trends and predictors of appropriate complementary feeding practices in Nepal : An analysis of national household survey data collected between 2001 and 2014. / Na, Muzi; Aguayo, Víctor M.; Arimond, Mary; Dahal, Pradiumna; Lamichhane, Bikash; Pokharel, Rajkumar; Chitekwe, Stanley; Stewart, Christine P.

In: Maternal and Child Nutrition, Vol. 14, e12564, 11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - An analysis of national household survey data collected between 2001 and 2014

AU - Na, Muzi

AU - Aguayo, Víctor M.

AU - Arimond, Mary

AU - Dahal, Pradiumna

AU - Lamichhane, Bikash

AU - Pokharel, Rajkumar

AU - Chitekwe, Stanley

AU - Stewart, Christine P.

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AB - There is evidence that suboptimal complementary feeding contributes to poor child growth. However, little is known about time trends and determinants of complementary feeding in Nepal, where the prevalence of child undernutrition remains unacceptably high. The objective of the study was to examine the trends and predictors of suboptimal complementary feeding in Nepali children aged 6–23 months using nationally representative data collected from 2001 to 2014. Data from the 2001, 2006, and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys and the 2014 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey were used to estimate the prevalence, trends and predictors of four WHO-UNICEF complementary feeding indicators: timely introduction of complementary foods (INTRO), minimum meal frequency (MMF), minimum dietary diversity (MDD), and minimum acceptable diet (MAD). We used multilevel logistic regression models to identify independent factors associated with these indicators at the individual, household and community levels. In 2014, the weighted proportion of children meeting INTRO, MMF, MDD, and MAD criteria were 72%, 82%, 36% and 35%, respectively, with modest average annual rate of increase ranging from 1% to 2%. Increasing child age, maternal education, antenatal visits, and community-level access to health care services independently predicted increasing odds of achieving MMF, MDD, and MAD. Practices also varied by ecological zone and sociocultural group. Complementary feeding practices in Nepal have improved slowly in the past 15 years. Inequities in the risk of inappropriate complementary feeding are evident, calling for programme design and implementation to address poor feeding and malnutrition among the most vulnerable Nepali children.

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