Purpose: While smoking prevalence may be declining in the general population, health disparities in tobacco use remain a public health priority. This study examined national, sociodemographic, and geographic trends in American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIs/ANs) smoking prevalence from 1992/1993 to 2014/2015. Additionally, correlates of cigarette smoking were examined among this group. Methods: Data were drawn from the 1992–2015 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. Cochran–Armitage tests were used to assess changes in the prevalence of smoking over time in the population, as well by sociodemographic characteristics. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to examine the correlates of cigarette smoking for AIs/ANs in 2014/2015. Results: The trend analysis indicated that the prevalence of smoking, among AIs/ANs, decreased significantly from 39.1% in the 1992/1993 cycle to 20.9% in the 2014/2015. This decrease was seen in both males and females, with the prevalence of smoking decreasing from 43.6% and 35.4%, respectively, in 2006/2007 to 23.8% and 18.3% in 2014/2015. The decreasing trend was also found for all subgroups, except for the 55+ age group. Multivariable analysis showed higher odds of smoking among males, those with low income compared to those with median or higher income, and those living in non-metropolitan areas. Those aged 25–54 were more likely to be smokers compared with the 55+ age group. Conclusions: Results indicate a recent decrease in AIs/ANs smoking prevalence, although these populations still experience a high prevalence of smoking compared to the general population. Our findings highlight the need for a comprehensive tobacco control strategy that includes working with stakeholders within the AI/AN community.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research