Trends in vitamin A, C, D, E, K supplement prescriptions from military treatment facilities: 2007 to 2011

Travis Y. Morioka, Jeremy T. Bolin, Selasi Attipoe, Donnamaria R. Jones, Mark Stephens, Patricia A. Deuster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Although prior studies have examined the prevalence of dietary supplement use among various populations, data on single vitamins prescribed by health care providers are limited. Objective: This study examined trends in single-vitamin supplement (A, C, D, E, K) prescriptions by providers from military treatment facilities from 2007 to 2011. Methods: We examined prescription data from the Department of Defense Pharmacy Data Transaction Service to determine trends in the aforementioned single-vitamin supplement prescriptions. Prescription rates per 1,000 active duty personnel were estimated using population data retrieved from the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database (i.e., [number of prescriptions/population size] × 1,000). Results: Across the 5-year period, the number of vitamin D prescriptions per 1,000 active duty personnel increased 454%. In contrast, the number of vitamin A, vitamin E, and vitamin K prescriptions per 1,000 active duty personnel decreased by 32%, 53%, and 29% respectively. Vitamin C prescriptions remained relatively constant. Across all age groups, total single-vitamin supplement prescriptions increased by 180%. Conclusion: Together, prescriptions examined in this study increased steadily from 2007 to 2011, primarily because of the increase in vitamin D prescriptions. The exhibited trend reflects the current general-population pattern of dietary supplement use, with large increases in vitamin D and declines in vitamin E.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)748-753
Number of pages6
JournalMilitary medicine
Volume180
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Military Facilities
Vitamin A
Ascorbic Acid
Prescriptions
Vitamins
Vitamin D
Therapeutics
Dietary Supplements
Population
Vitamin K
Population Density
Vitamin E
Health Personnel

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Morioka, Travis Y. ; Bolin, Jeremy T. ; Attipoe, Selasi ; Jones, Donnamaria R. ; Stephens, Mark ; Deuster, Patricia A. / Trends in vitamin A, C, D, E, K supplement prescriptions from military treatment facilities : 2007 to 2011. In: Military medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 180, No. 7. pp. 748-753.
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abstract = "Introduction: Although prior studies have examined the prevalence of dietary supplement use among various populations, data on single vitamins prescribed by health care providers are limited. Objective: This study examined trends in single-vitamin supplement (A, C, D, E, K) prescriptions by providers from military treatment facilities from 2007 to 2011. Methods: We examined prescription data from the Department of Defense Pharmacy Data Transaction Service to determine trends in the aforementioned single-vitamin supplement prescriptions. Prescription rates per 1,000 active duty personnel were estimated using population data retrieved from the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database (i.e., [number of prescriptions/population size] × 1,000). Results: Across the 5-year period, the number of vitamin D prescriptions per 1,000 active duty personnel increased 454{\%}. In contrast, the number of vitamin A, vitamin E, and vitamin K prescriptions per 1,000 active duty personnel decreased by 32{\%}, 53{\%}, and 29{\%} respectively. Vitamin C prescriptions remained relatively constant. Across all age groups, total single-vitamin supplement prescriptions increased by 180{\%}. Conclusion: Together, prescriptions examined in this study increased steadily from 2007 to 2011, primarily because of the increase in vitamin D prescriptions. The exhibited trend reflects the current general-population pattern of dietary supplement use, with large increases in vitamin D and declines in vitamin E.",
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Trends in vitamin A, C, D, E, K supplement prescriptions from military treatment facilities : 2007 to 2011. / Morioka, Travis Y.; Bolin, Jeremy T.; Attipoe, Selasi; Jones, Donnamaria R.; Stephens, Mark; Deuster, Patricia A.

In: Military medicine, Vol. 180, No. 7, 01.01.2015, p. 748-753.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trends in vitamin A, C, D, E, K supplement prescriptions from military treatment facilities

T2 - 2007 to 2011

AU - Morioka, Travis Y.

AU - Bolin, Jeremy T.

AU - Attipoe, Selasi

AU - Jones, Donnamaria R.

AU - Stephens, Mark

AU - Deuster, Patricia A.

PY - 2015/1/1

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N2 - Introduction: Although prior studies have examined the prevalence of dietary supplement use among various populations, data on single vitamins prescribed by health care providers are limited. Objective: This study examined trends in single-vitamin supplement (A, C, D, E, K) prescriptions by providers from military treatment facilities from 2007 to 2011. Methods: We examined prescription data from the Department of Defense Pharmacy Data Transaction Service to determine trends in the aforementioned single-vitamin supplement prescriptions. Prescription rates per 1,000 active duty personnel were estimated using population data retrieved from the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database (i.e., [number of prescriptions/population size] × 1,000). Results: Across the 5-year period, the number of vitamin D prescriptions per 1,000 active duty personnel increased 454%. In contrast, the number of vitamin A, vitamin E, and vitamin K prescriptions per 1,000 active duty personnel decreased by 32%, 53%, and 29% respectively. Vitamin C prescriptions remained relatively constant. Across all age groups, total single-vitamin supplement prescriptions increased by 180%. Conclusion: Together, prescriptions examined in this study increased steadily from 2007 to 2011, primarily because of the increase in vitamin D prescriptions. The exhibited trend reflects the current general-population pattern of dietary supplement use, with large increases in vitamin D and declines in vitamin E.

AB - Introduction: Although prior studies have examined the prevalence of dietary supplement use among various populations, data on single vitamins prescribed by health care providers are limited. Objective: This study examined trends in single-vitamin supplement (A, C, D, E, K) prescriptions by providers from military treatment facilities from 2007 to 2011. Methods: We examined prescription data from the Department of Defense Pharmacy Data Transaction Service to determine trends in the aforementioned single-vitamin supplement prescriptions. Prescription rates per 1,000 active duty personnel were estimated using population data retrieved from the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database (i.e., [number of prescriptions/population size] × 1,000). Results: Across the 5-year period, the number of vitamin D prescriptions per 1,000 active duty personnel increased 454%. In contrast, the number of vitamin A, vitamin E, and vitamin K prescriptions per 1,000 active duty personnel decreased by 32%, 53%, and 29% respectively. Vitamin C prescriptions remained relatively constant. Across all age groups, total single-vitamin supplement prescriptions increased by 180%. Conclusion: Together, prescriptions examined in this study increased steadily from 2007 to 2011, primarily because of the increase in vitamin D prescriptions. The exhibited trend reflects the current general-population pattern of dietary supplement use, with large increases in vitamin D and declines in vitamin E.

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