Infection of trigeminal ganglion by herpes simplex virus (HSV) thymidine kinase-negative (TK-) mutants was investigated in mixed infection studies in mice. Mice were corneally inoculated with TK- HSV alone or with mixtures of TK- HSV-TK+ HSV. When inoculated alone, an arabinosylthymine-selected HSV type 1 TK- mutant and a HSV type 2 TK- deletion mutant infected mouse ocular tissues but rarely infected ganglion tissues. However, both TK- mutants readily infected ganglion tissues when they were inoculated in mixtures with TK+ HSV. By means of mixed infection studies, it was demonstrated that TK- HSV could readily established acute and latent ganglion infections. It was thought that the frequent infection of trigeminal ganglion tissue by both TK- mutants after mixed TK--TK+ HSV infection was the result of in vivo complementation. After mixed TK--TK+ HSV infection and subsequent cultivation of ganglion explants in arabinosylthymine, results supported the conclusion that when TK- was present in ganglia it was in the same neurons that contained TK+ HSV.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science