Regulation of intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) by erythropoietin (Epo) is an essential part of signaling pathways controlling proliferation and differentiation of erythroid progenitors, but regulatory mechanisms are largely unknown. TRPC3 and the homologous TRPC6 are two members of the transient receptor potential channel (TRPC) superfamily that are expressed on normal human erythroid precursors. Here we show that TRPC3 expression increases but TRPC6 decreases during erythroid differentiation. This is associated with a significantly greater increase in [Ca2+]i in response to Epo stimulation, suggesting that the ratio of TRPC3/TRPC6 is physiologically important. In HEK 293T cells heterologously expressing TRPC and erythropoietin receptor (Epo-R), Epo stimulated an increase in [Ca2+]i through TRPC3 but not TRPC6. Replacement of the C terminus of TRPC3 with the TRPC6Cterminus (TRPC3-C6C) resulted in loss of activation by Epo. In contrast, substitution of the C terminus of TRPC6 with that of TRPC3 (TRPC6-C3C) resulted in an increase in [Ca2+]i in response to Epo. Substitution of the N termini had no effect. Domains in the TRPC3 C terminus between amino acids 671 and 746 are critical for the response to Epo. Epo-R and phospholipase Cγ associated with TRPC3, and these interactions were significantly reduced with TRPC6 and TRPC3-C6C chimeras. TRPC3 and TRPC6 form heterotetramers. Coexpression of TRPC6 or C3/C6 chimeras with TRPC3 and Epo-R inhibited the Epo-stimulated increase in [Ca2+]i. In a heterologous expression system, Epo stimulation increased cell surface expression of TRPC3, which was inhibited by TRPC6. However, in primary erythroblasts, an increase in TRPC3 cell surface expression was not observed in erythroblasts in which Epo stimulated an increase in [Ca2+]i, demonstrating that increased membrane insertion ofTRPC3is not required.Thesedata demonstrate thatTRPC6 regulates TRPC3 activation by Epo. Endogenously, regulation of TRPC3 by TRPC6 may primarily be through modulation of signaling mechanisms, including reduced interaction of TRPC6 with phospholipase Cγ and Epo-R.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology