We present the strong fluorescence effect, a new 392 nm emission peak appearing after binding of a naphtolurea inhibitor XIIa to the enzyme epoxide hydrolase (EH), along with the quenching of the EH tryptophan fluorescence. We have studied the quenching of the 392-nm peak (attributed to XIIa bound inside the active center of the enzyme) of the mixture EH+XIIa by various strong transparent inhibitors (competing with XIIa for binding to EH), and measured the corresponding values of the Stern-Volmer constants, K(mix)SV. Strong EH inhibitors demonstrate different replacement behavior which can be used to distinguish them. We further demonstrate a novel fluorescent assay which allows to distinguish highly potent inhibitors and to visualize the strongest among them. We generated our assay calibration curve based on the quenching data, by plotting quenching strength K(mix)SV versus inhibiting strength, IC50 values. We used moderate inhibitors for the assay plot generation. We then applied this curve to determine IC50 values for several highly potent inhibitors, with IC50 values at the limit of the IC50 detection sensitivity by colorimetric enzyme assay. IC 50 values determined from our quenching assay show correlation with IC50 values determined in the literature by more sensitive radioactive-based assay and allow differentiating the inhibitors potency in this group. To our knowledge, this is the first inhibitor assay of such kind. Chemical inhibition of EH is an important technology in the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases, therefore, this tool may play a crucial role in discovering new inhibitor structures for therapeutic EH inhibition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science