The 8th edition of TNM staging system has been released and it incorporates many changes to the T and N classifications for pancreatic cancer. Comparative study between the 7th and 8th edition of TNM staging system from Asian population has not been reported yet. This study aimed to compare the 7th and 8th edition of staging system for pancreatic cancer by using a cohort of pancreatic cancer patients from China after R0 pancreaticoduodenectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. The results showed according to the pT classification of 7th edition, pT3 was predominant (87.25%), however, the new edition led to a more equal distribution of pT classification. pT1, pT2 and pT3 was 27.45%, 56.86% and 15.69%, respectively. According to the new pN classification, 18.63% of the patients were pN2. The pT classification in the 8th edition was significantly superior to that in the 7th edition at stratifying patients by overall survival. The pN classification in the 8th edition failed to show an advantage over the 7th edition in stratifying patients by overall survival. Therefore, the new pT classification, but not the new pN classification, showed a significant advantage over the previous edition at predicting the overall survival of pancreatic cancer patients.
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