Development of therapeutic strategies for tumor-selective delivery of therapeutics through exploitation of the proteolytic tumor phenotype has significant scope for improvement of cancer treatment. ICT2588 is a peptide-conjugated prodrug of the vascular disrupting agent (VDA) azademethylcolchicine developed to be selectively hydrolyzed by matrix metalloproteinase-14 (MMP-14) within the tumor. In this report, we extend our previous proof-of-concept studies and demonstrate the therapeutic potential of this agent against models of human colorectal, lung, breast, and prostate cancer. In all tumor types, ICT2588 was superior to azademethylcolchicine and was greater or comparable to standard clinically used agents for the respective tumor type. Prodrug activation in clinical human lung tumor homogenates relative to stability in human plasma and liver was observed, supporting clinical translation potential. A major limiting factor to the clinical value of VDAs is their inherent cardiovascular toxicity. No increase in plasma von Willebrand factor (vWF) levels, an indicator of systemic vascular dysfunction and acute cardiovascular toxicity, was detected with ICT2588, thereby supporting the tumor-selective activation and reduced potential of ICT2588 to cause cardiovascular toxicity. Our findings reinforce the improved therapeutic index and tumor-selective approach offered by ICT2588 and this nanotherapeutic approach.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery