Tuning the Electronic and Photonic Properties of Monolayer MoS2 via In Situ Rhenium Substitutional Doping

Kehao Zhang, Brian M. Bersch, Jaydeep Joshi, Rafik Addou, Christopher R. Cormier, Chenxi Zhang, Ke Xu, Natalie C. Briggs, Ke Wang, Shruti Subramanian, Kyeongjae Cho, Susan Fullerton-Shirey, Robert M. Wallace, Patrick M. Vora, Joshua A. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Doping is a fundamental requirement for tuning and improving the properties of conventional semiconductors. Recent doping studies including niobium (Nb) doping of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and tungsten (W) doping of molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) have suggested that substitutional doping may provide an efficient route to tune the doping type and suppress deep trap levels of 2D materials. To date, the impact of the doping on the structural, electronic, and photonic properties of in situ-doped monolayers remains unanswered due to challenges including strong film substrate charge transfer, and difficulty achieving doping concentrations greater than 0.3 at%. Here, in situ rhenium (Re) doping of synthetic monolayer MoS2 with ≈1 at% Re is demonstrated. To limit substrate film charge transfer, r-plane sapphire is used. Electronic measurements demonstrate that 1 at% Re doping achieves nearly degenerate n-type doping, which agrees with density functional theory calculations. Moreover, low-temperature photoluminescence indicates a significant quench of the defect-bound emission when Re is introduced, which is attributed to the MoO bond and sulfur vacancies passivation and reduction in gap states due to the presence of Re. The work presented here demonstrates that Re doping of MoS2 is a promising route toward electronic and photonic engineering of 2D materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1706950
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume28
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 18 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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