Tunneling-field-effect-transistor (TFET) has emerged as an alternative for conventional CMOS by enabling the supply voltage (VDD) scaling in ultra-low power, energy efficient computing, due to its sub-60 mV/decade sub-threshold slope (SS). Given its unique device characteristics such as the asymmetrical source/drain design induced uni-directional conduction, enhanced on-state Miller capacitance effect and steep switching at low voltages, TFET based circuit design requires strong interactions between the device-level and the circuit-level to explore the performance benefits, with certain modifications of the conventional CMOS circuits to achieve the functionality and optimal energy efficiency. Because TFET operates at low supply voltage range (VDD<0.5V) to outperform CMOS, reliability issues can have profound impact on the circuit design from the practical application perspective. In this review paper, we present recent development on Tunnel FET device design, and modeling technique for circuit implementation and performance benchmarking. We focus on the reliability issues such as soft-error, electrical noise and process variation, and their impact on TFET based circuit performance compared to sub-threshold CMOS. Analytical models of electrical noise and process variation are also discussed for circuit-level simulation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering