In a bilayer system consisting of a composite-fermion (CF) Fermi sea in each layer, the tunnel current is exponentially suppressed at zero bias, followed by a strong peak at a finite-bias voltage Vmax. This behavior, which is qualitatively different from that observed for the electron Fermi sea, provides fundamental insight into the strongly correlated non-Fermi-liquid nature of the CF Fermi sea and, in particular, offers a window into the short-distance high-energy physics of this highly nontrivial state. We identify the exciton responsible for the peak current and provide a quantitative account of the value of Vmax. The excitonic attraction is shown to be quantitatively significant, and its variation accounts for the increase of Vmax with the application of an in-plane magnetic field. We also estimate the critical Zeeman energy where transition occurs from a fully spin-polarized composite-fermion Fermi sea to a partially spin-polarized one, carefully incorporating corrections due to finite width and Landau level mixing, and find it to be in satisfactory agreement with the Zeeman energy where a qualitative change has been observed for the onset bias voltage [J. P. Eisenstein, Phys. Rev. B 94, 125409 (2016)2469-995010.1103/PhysRevB.94.125409]. For fractional quantum Hall states, we predict a substantial discontinuous jump in Vmax when the system undergoes a transition from a fully spin-polarized state to a spin singlet or a partially spin-polarized state.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics