Turkish-Israeli relations during the cold war: The myth of a long 'special relationship'

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Turkey's relationship with Israel has been mixed since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. Although Turkey was one of the first Muslim countries to recognize and initiate diplomatic relations with Israel soon after, improving bilateral relations never became a priority. During the Cold War years, the two main determinants of Turkish- Israeli relations were their status as pro-Western countries in the region and the Arab-Israel conflict, which directly and indirectly influenced Turkish foreign policy toward Israel. Efforts to improve relations during the Cold War were constantly interrupted by the Arab-Israel conflict and by Turkish public opinion regarding Israel's regional policies. Until the restoration of full diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level following the 1992 Madrid Conference, secret diplomacy between the two countries was the norm. Attempts at forming a Turkish-Israeli alignment were short-lived during these years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-149
Number of pages20
JournalIsrael Studies Review
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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cold war
Israeli
myth
Israel
diplomatic relations
Turkey
bilateral relations
regional policy
Cold War
diplomacy
restoration
public opinion
foreign policy
Muslim
determinants

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Turkey's relationship with Israel has been mixed since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. Although Turkey was one of the first Muslim countries to recognize and initiate diplomatic relations with Israel soon after, improving bilateral relations never became a priority. During the Cold War years, the two main determinants of Turkish- Israeli relations were their status as pro-Western countries in the region and the Arab-Israel conflict, which directly and indirectly influenced Turkish foreign policy toward Israel. Efforts to improve relations during the Cold War were constantly interrupted by the Arab-Israel conflict and by Turkish public opinion regarding Israel's regional policies. Until the restoration of full diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level following the 1992 Madrid Conference, secret diplomacy between the two countries was the norm. Attempts at forming a Turkish-Israeli alignment were short-lived during these years.",
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Turkish-Israeli relations during the cold war : The myth of a long 'special relationship'. / Kanat, Kilic Bugra.

In: Israel Studies Review, Vol. 31, No. 2, 01.01.2016, p. 130-149.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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