Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil

Anna Sapfo Malaspinas, Oscar Lao, Hannes Schroeder, Morten Rasmussen, Maanasa Raghavan, Ida Moltke, Paula F. Campos, Francisca Santana Sagredo, Simon Rasmussen, Vanessa F. Gonçalves, Anders Albrechtsen, Morten E. Allentoft, Philip L.F. Johnson, Mingkun Li, Silvia Reis, Danilo V. Bernardo, Michael DeGiorgio, Ana T. Duggan, Murilo Bastos, Yong WangJesper Stenderup, J. Victor Moreno-Mayar, Søren Brunak, Thomas Sicheritz-Ponten, Emily Hodges, Gregory J. Hannon, Ludovic Orlando, T. Douglas Price, Jeffrey D. Jensen, Rasmus Nielsen, Jan Heinemeier, Jesper Olsen, Claudia Rodrigues-Carvalho, Marta Mirazón Lahr, Walter A. Neves, Manfred Kayser, Thomas Higham, Mark Stoneking, Sergio D.J. Pena, Eske Willerslev

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary Understanding the peopling of the Americas remains an important and challenging question. Here, we present 14C dates, and morphological, isotopic and genomic sequence data from two human skulls from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, part of one of the indigenous groups known as 'Botocudos'. We find that their genomic ancestry is Polynesian, with no detectable Native American component. Radiocarbon analysis of the skulls shows that the individuals had died prior to the beginning of the 19th century. Our findings could either represent genomic evidence of Polynesians reaching South America during their Pacific expansion, or European-mediated transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1035-R1037
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume24
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 3 2014

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Human Genome
Skull
Brazil
ancestry
Genes
genomics
skull
genome
North American Indians
South America
American Indians

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Malaspinas, A. S., Lao, O., Schroeder, H., Rasmussen, M., Raghavan, M., Moltke, I., ... Willerslev, E. (2014). Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil. Current Biology, 24(21), R1035-R1037. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2014.09.078
Malaspinas, Anna Sapfo ; Lao, Oscar ; Schroeder, Hannes ; Rasmussen, Morten ; Raghavan, Maanasa ; Moltke, Ida ; Campos, Paula F. ; Sagredo, Francisca Santana ; Rasmussen, Simon ; Gonçalves, Vanessa F. ; Albrechtsen, Anders ; Allentoft, Morten E. ; Johnson, Philip L.F. ; Li, Mingkun ; Reis, Silvia ; Bernardo, Danilo V. ; DeGiorgio, Michael ; Duggan, Ana T. ; Bastos, Murilo ; Wang, Yong ; Stenderup, Jesper ; Moreno-Mayar, J. Victor ; Brunak, Søren ; Sicheritz-Ponten, Thomas ; Hodges, Emily ; Hannon, Gregory J. ; Orlando, Ludovic ; Price, T. Douglas ; Jensen, Jeffrey D. ; Nielsen, Rasmus ; Heinemeier, Jan ; Olsen, Jesper ; Rodrigues-Carvalho, Claudia ; Lahr, Marta Mirazón ; Neves, Walter A. ; Kayser, Manfred ; Higham, Thomas ; Stoneking, Mark ; Pena, Sergio D.J. ; Willerslev, Eske. / Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil. In: Current Biology. 2014 ; Vol. 24, No. 21. pp. R1035-R1037.
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Malaspinas, AS, Lao, O, Schroeder, H, Rasmussen, M, Raghavan, M, Moltke, I, Campos, PF, Sagredo, FS, Rasmussen, S, Gonçalves, VF, Albrechtsen, A, Allentoft, ME, Johnson, PLF, Li, M, Reis, S, Bernardo, DV, DeGiorgio, M, Duggan, AT, Bastos, M, Wang, Y, Stenderup, J, Moreno-Mayar, JV, Brunak, S, Sicheritz-Ponten, T, Hodges, E, Hannon, GJ, Orlando, L, Price, TD, Jensen, JD, Nielsen, R, Heinemeier, J, Olsen, J, Rodrigues-Carvalho, C, Lahr, MM, Neves, WA, Kayser, M, Higham, T, Stoneking, M, Pena, SDJ & Willerslev, E 2014, 'Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil', Current Biology, vol. 24, no. 21, pp. R1035-R1037. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2014.09.078

Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil. / Malaspinas, Anna Sapfo; Lao, Oscar; Schroeder, Hannes; Rasmussen, Morten; Raghavan, Maanasa; Moltke, Ida; Campos, Paula F.; Sagredo, Francisca Santana; Rasmussen, Simon; Gonçalves, Vanessa F.; Albrechtsen, Anders; Allentoft, Morten E.; Johnson, Philip L.F.; Li, Mingkun; Reis, Silvia; Bernardo, Danilo V.; DeGiorgio, Michael; Duggan, Ana T.; Bastos, Murilo; Wang, Yong; Stenderup, Jesper; Moreno-Mayar, J. Victor; Brunak, Søren; Sicheritz-Ponten, Thomas; Hodges, Emily; Hannon, Gregory J.; Orlando, Ludovic; Price, T. Douglas; Jensen, Jeffrey D.; Nielsen, Rasmus; Heinemeier, Jan; Olsen, Jesper; Rodrigues-Carvalho, Claudia; Lahr, Marta Mirazón; Neves, Walter A.; Kayser, Manfred; Higham, Thomas; Stoneking, Mark; Pena, Sergio D.J.; Willerslev, Eske.

In: Current Biology, Vol. 24, No. 21, 03.11.2014, p. R1035-R1037.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

TY - JOUR

T1 - Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil

AU - Malaspinas, Anna Sapfo

AU - Lao, Oscar

AU - Schroeder, Hannes

AU - Rasmussen, Morten

AU - Raghavan, Maanasa

AU - Moltke, Ida

AU - Campos, Paula F.

AU - Sagredo, Francisca Santana

AU - Rasmussen, Simon

AU - Gonçalves, Vanessa F.

AU - Albrechtsen, Anders

AU - Allentoft, Morten E.

AU - Johnson, Philip L.F.

AU - Li, Mingkun

AU - Reis, Silvia

AU - Bernardo, Danilo V.

AU - DeGiorgio, Michael

AU - Duggan, Ana T.

AU - Bastos, Murilo

AU - Wang, Yong

AU - Stenderup, Jesper

AU - Moreno-Mayar, J. Victor

AU - Brunak, Søren

AU - Sicheritz-Ponten, Thomas

AU - Hodges, Emily

AU - Hannon, Gregory J.

AU - Orlando, Ludovic

AU - Price, T. Douglas

AU - Jensen, Jeffrey D.

AU - Nielsen, Rasmus

AU - Heinemeier, Jan

AU - Olsen, Jesper

AU - Rodrigues-Carvalho, Claudia

AU - Lahr, Marta Mirazón

AU - Neves, Walter A.

AU - Kayser, Manfred

AU - Higham, Thomas

AU - Stoneking, Mark

AU - Pena, Sergio D.J.

AU - Willerslev, Eske

PY - 2014/11/3

Y1 - 2014/11/3

N2 - Summary Understanding the peopling of the Americas remains an important and challenging question. Here, we present 14C dates, and morphological, isotopic and genomic sequence data from two human skulls from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, part of one of the indigenous groups known as 'Botocudos'. We find that their genomic ancestry is Polynesian, with no detectable Native American component. Radiocarbon analysis of the skulls shows that the individuals had died prior to the beginning of the 19th century. Our findings could either represent genomic evidence of Polynesians reaching South America during their Pacific expansion, or European-mediated transport.

AB - Summary Understanding the peopling of the Americas remains an important and challenging question. Here, we present 14C dates, and morphological, isotopic and genomic sequence data from two human skulls from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, part of one of the indigenous groups known as 'Botocudos'. We find that their genomic ancestry is Polynesian, with no detectable Native American component. Radiocarbon analysis of the skulls shows that the individuals had died prior to the beginning of the 19th century. Our findings could either represent genomic evidence of Polynesians reaching South America during their Pacific expansion, or European-mediated transport.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.cub.2014.09.078

DO - 10.1016/j.cub.2014.09.078

M3 - Letter

C2 - 25455029

AN - SCOPUS:84913589258

VL - 24

SP - R1035-R1037

JO - Current Biology

JF - Current Biology

SN - 0960-9822

IS - 21

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Malaspinas AS, Lao O, Schroeder H, Rasmussen M, Raghavan M, Moltke I et al. Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil. Current Biology. 2014 Nov 3;24(21):R1035-R1037. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2014.09.078