Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides

Clusters, ribbons, sheets and more

Ruitao Lv, Humberto Terrones, Ana Laura Elias Arriaga, Nestor Perea Lopez, Humberto R. Gutiérrez, Eduardo Cruz-Silva, Lakshmy Pulickal Rajukumar, Mildred S. Dresselhaus, Mauricio Terrones Maldonado

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary Monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), such as MoS2 and WS2, have recently triggered worldwide research interest due to their remarkable optical and electronic properties. More fascinatingly is the fact that these monolayers could also adopt various morphologies with exposed edges that include triangular, hexagonal or star-shaped clusters, in addition to nanoribbons. Exciting progress has been recently achieved in the synthesis, characterization, device fabrication and functionalization of these monolayer and few-layer TMDs. This article firstly reviews the properties of bulk and monolayer/few-layer TMDs. The "top-down" and "bottom-up" synthesis routes for different TMDs are then summarized. Raman spectroscopy is now becoming a key tool used to characterize atomically thin TMDs, and this review will show the latest advances using this spectroscopic technique. Here we also summarize the most relevant characterization techniques, optical/electronic device fabrication, functionalization and defect engineering of TMDs. There are numerous opportunities for applications and multiple challenges to overcome, and this review will be instructive and useful to researchers working in the area of 2-dimensional materials, as well as scientists and engineers interested in their applications in electronics, optics, catalysis, energy and many others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-592
Number of pages34
JournalNano Today
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

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Transition metals
Metals
Monolayers
Fabrication
Optical Devices
Nanoribbons
Carbon Nanotubes
Raman Spectrum Analysis
Catalysis
Electronic properties
Stars
Raman spectroscopy
Optics
Electronic equipment
Optical properties
Research Personnel
Engineers
Equipment and Supplies
Defects
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

Lv, Ruitao ; Terrones, Humberto ; Elias Arriaga, Ana Laura ; Perea Lopez, Nestor ; Gutiérrez, Humberto R. ; Cruz-Silva, Eduardo ; Rajukumar, Lakshmy Pulickal ; Dresselhaus, Mildred S. ; Terrones Maldonado, Mauricio. / Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides : Clusters, ribbons, sheets and more. In: Nano Today. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 5. pp. 559-592.
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Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides : Clusters, ribbons, sheets and more. / Lv, Ruitao; Terrones, Humberto; Elias Arriaga, Ana Laura; Perea Lopez, Nestor; Gutiérrez, Humberto R.; Cruz-Silva, Eduardo; Rajukumar, Lakshmy Pulickal; Dresselhaus, Mildred S.; Terrones Maldonado, Mauricio.

In: Nano Today, Vol. 10, No. 5, 01.10.2015, p. 559-592.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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T1 - Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides

T2 - Clusters, ribbons, sheets and more

AU - Lv, Ruitao

AU - Terrones, Humberto

AU - Elias Arriaga, Ana Laura

AU - Perea Lopez, Nestor

AU - Gutiérrez, Humberto R.

AU - Cruz-Silva, Eduardo

AU - Rajukumar, Lakshmy Pulickal

AU - Dresselhaus, Mildred S.

AU - Terrones Maldonado, Mauricio

PY - 2015/10/1

Y1 - 2015/10/1

N2 - Summary Monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), such as MoS2 and WS2, have recently triggered worldwide research interest due to their remarkable optical and electronic properties. More fascinatingly is the fact that these monolayers could also adopt various morphologies with exposed edges that include triangular, hexagonal or star-shaped clusters, in addition to nanoribbons. Exciting progress has been recently achieved in the synthesis, characterization, device fabrication and functionalization of these monolayer and few-layer TMDs. This article firstly reviews the properties of bulk and monolayer/few-layer TMDs. The "top-down" and "bottom-up" synthesis routes for different TMDs are then summarized. Raman spectroscopy is now becoming a key tool used to characterize atomically thin TMDs, and this review will show the latest advances using this spectroscopic technique. Here we also summarize the most relevant characterization techniques, optical/electronic device fabrication, functionalization and defect engineering of TMDs. There are numerous opportunities for applications and multiple challenges to overcome, and this review will be instructive and useful to researchers working in the area of 2-dimensional materials, as well as scientists and engineers interested in their applications in electronics, optics, catalysis, energy and many others.

AB - Summary Monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), such as MoS2 and WS2, have recently triggered worldwide research interest due to their remarkable optical and electronic properties. More fascinatingly is the fact that these monolayers could also adopt various morphologies with exposed edges that include triangular, hexagonal or star-shaped clusters, in addition to nanoribbons. Exciting progress has been recently achieved in the synthesis, characterization, device fabrication and functionalization of these monolayer and few-layer TMDs. This article firstly reviews the properties of bulk and monolayer/few-layer TMDs. The "top-down" and "bottom-up" synthesis routes for different TMDs are then summarized. Raman spectroscopy is now becoming a key tool used to characterize atomically thin TMDs, and this review will show the latest advances using this spectroscopic technique. Here we also summarize the most relevant characterization techniques, optical/electronic device fabrication, functionalization and defect engineering of TMDs. There are numerous opportunities for applications and multiple challenges to overcome, and this review will be instructive and useful to researchers working in the area of 2-dimensional materials, as well as scientists and engineers interested in their applications in electronics, optics, catalysis, energy and many others.

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