Two factors governing fragility: Stretching exponent and configurational entropy

Prabhat K. Gupta, John C. Mauro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We derive an analytical expression showing that the fragility of a supercooled liquid is a result of (i) a thermodynamic term depending on change in configurational entropy and (ii) a kinetic term depending on change in the nonexponentiality or "stretching" of the relaxation function, as quantified by the exponent β of the Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts (KWW) relaxation function. Our expression indicates that there is not a direct correlation between the non-Arrhenius scaling of liquid viscosity and the nonexponential nature of glassy relaxation. Rather, the temperature dependence of the stretching exponent β provides a lower limit for fragility, which can be increased through changes in the configurational entropy. Our result explains the apparent contradiction between those researchers showing a correlation between β and fragility and those who question such a correlation due to the spread of the data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number062501
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume78
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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