Two-Micron All-Sky Survey J01542930+0053266: A new eclipsing M dwarf binary system

A. C. Becker, E. Agol, N. M. Silvestri, J. J. Bochanski, C. Laws, A. A. West, G. Basri, V. Belokurov, D. M. Bramich, J. M. Carpenter, P. Challis, K. R. Covey, R. M. Cutri, N. W. Evans, M. Fellhauer, A. Garg, G. Gilmore, P. Hewett, P. Plavchan, D. P. SchneiderC. L. Slesnick, S. Vidrih, L. M. Walkowicz, D. B. Zucker

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Abstract

We report on Two-Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS) J01542930+0053266, a faint eclipsing system composed of two M dwarfs. The variability of this system was originally discovered during a pilot study of the 2MASS Calibration Point Source Working Data base. Additional photometry from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey yields an eight-passband light curve from which we derive an orbital period of 2.639 0157 ± 0.000 0016 d. Spectroscopic followup confirms our photometric classification of the system, which is likely composed of M0 and M1 dwarfs. Radial velocity measurements allow us to derive the masses (M 1 = 0.66 ± 0.03 M; M2 = 0.62 ± 0.03 M) and radii (R1 = 0.64 ± 0.08 R; R2 = 0.61 ± 0.09 R) of the components, which are consistent with empirical mass-radius relationships for low-mass stars in binary systems. We perform Monte Carlo simulations of the light curves which allow us to uncover complicated degeneracies between the system parameters. Both stars show evidence of Hα emission, something not common in early-type M dwarfs. This suggests that binarity may influence the magnetic activity properties of low-mass stars; activity in the binary may persist long after the dynamos in their isolated counterparts have decayed, yielding a new potential foreground of flaring activity for next generation variability surveys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)416-424
Number of pages9
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume386
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Becker, A. C., Agol, E., Silvestri, N. M., Bochanski, J. J., Laws, C., West, A. A., Basri, G., Belokurov, V., Bramich, D. M., Carpenter, J. M., Challis, P., Covey, K. R., Cutri, R. M., Evans, N. W., Fellhauer, M., Garg, A., Gilmore, G., Hewett, P., Plavchan, P., ... Zucker, D. B. (2008). Two-Micron All-Sky Survey J01542930+0053266: A new eclipsing M dwarf binary system. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 386(1), 416-424. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13040.x